Two Republics in China - Page 8

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Thread: Two Republics in China

  1. #71
    Mao’smarriage history and his other women

    Mao had four formal marriages. Hisfirst wife was Ms. Luo (no given name known), whom Mao married inaccordance with arrangements made by his parents. She was then 20years old while Mao was only 16. The Mao family and Luo family wererelatives. Though she was a pleasant woman, Mao did not like her.They married in 1907. But in February of 1910, she died of somedisease. Using this as a pretext, Mao left his family and went toPeking.
    His second wife was Yang Kaihui(1901–1930), whose father, Yang Changji, was a graduate returnedfrom England who became a professor of ethics at Peking University.At that time Mao worked in the library and studied as a gueststudent. He and Yang Kaihui were classmates. In 1919, Mao began tocourt Yang Kaihui, and in 1920, they lived together without legallymarrying. At that time Mao was 26 years old and Yang was only 18. Shebore three sons for Mao. In 1921, Yang joined the Communist Party,but afterwards she was arrested by the national government and wasexecuted on the 14th of November, 1930. Her first son, MaoAnying (1922–1950), died in the Korean War. Her second son, MaoAnqing (1923–2007), was escorted by Kang Sheng to Moscow. He joinedthe Communist Party in 1947. In July of 1949, he was given the rankof Lieutenant Colonel, but he was engaged in research work in theAcademy of Military Sciences, not combat. He died of heart disease.Yang’s third son, Mao Anlong, was a riddle. It was said that hewent missing as a child and no one knew what became of him even now.And no one ever appeared claiming that he was Mao’s third son.

  2. #72
    Mao’s third wife was He Zizhen(1910–1984), sister of marshal He Long. In 1927 when Mao went toJinggang Mountain after the riot, he met He Zizhen there. That year,Mao was 35 years old while she was only 17. In June of 1928, they gotmarried while his second wife Yang Kaihui was in prison. It has neverbeen said that Mao had endeavored to rescue her from the prison. WhenHe Zizhen grew up, she became the secretary of the frontier committeeof the Red Army and director of the women’s league in thesouthwestern Jiangxi province. In the Long March, while protectingthe wounded soldiers from air raids, she was wounded herself. InJanuary of 1938, she went to study in Moscow and returned to China inthe summer of 1947. Then she took up offices like director of thewomen’s league in Hangzhou City. He Zizhen had her first child withMao in 1929, and when they had to escape, He Zizhen left her daughterwith a local family. The child was called Mao Jinhua. In April, 1932,when He Zizhen wanted to find the child, she was told that the childhad died. In fact, the child did not die. At that time some agents ofthe National Party had come to inquire about the child and so theadoptive family lied, saying the child had died, lest they kill it.The child grew up and was named Yang Yuehua. In 1973, an old Red Armyman came to the place and learned something about Yang Yuehua and henotified He Zizhen’s brother, who informed his sister of the truth.However, it was during the Cultural Revolution when Jiang Qing was inpower, so the mother and the daughter could not see each other. Thedaughter is alive now in retirement. He Zizhen had another daughtercalled Mao Jiaojiao. But afterwards when Mao Zedong changed his nameto Li Desheng to avoid being arrested by the national government,this daughter changed her name to Li Min, which is used now. HeZizhen died in Shanghai at the age 75.

  3. #73
    His fourth wife was Jiang Qing (seeabove). But he had many other women outside of marriage. The firstone we know about was Tao Siyong, from a rich family. She was knownas a woman of talent and a beauty, too. From 1919 to 1920, she andMao opened a bookstore in Changsha. Mao wrote many love letters toher. Five of them were found later. In 1921, she went to study inJinling College in Nanking. As her father did not like Mao, she didnot marry him. She died in 1931 at the age of 36 without marryinganyone. The next one was Ding Ling, a so-called red writer. She wasborn on the 12th of October, 1904. She was a classmate ofYang Kaihui in high school. She joined the Communist Party in 1932and was arrested too, but in September of 1936, with the assistanceof the Communist Party, escaped from prison in Nanking and went toYanAn. Mao loved her at first sight. She was the chief editor ofJournal of Literature and Arts, and then the party secretaryof the Chinese Writers Association, and the chief editor of People’sLiterature, etc. But in the anti-rightist movement in 1957, shewas declared a rightist and was exiled to a cold region innortheastern China. She died on March 4, 1986.
    Another was Wu Lili, born in 1912. Shewent to America for further studies after graduation from the NormalUniversity in Peking. When she learned of the outbreak of theAnti-Japanese War, she came back to China, to YanAn, to fight Japan.She became Mao’s interpreter and they fell in love. But when HeZizhen heard about this, she went there and caught them together. Shewanted to kill them both. This became such a big scandal that theCentral Committee of the Communist Party had to intervene. Wu Liliwas sent away. Afterwards, she married an officer of the NationalParty and went to live in Taiwan.

  4. #74
    Sun Weishi was also one, whose fatherwas a fellow fighter of Premier Zhou. When he died in 1927, SunWeishi was only 5. So Premier Zhou took care of her and looked uponher as his adopted daughter, but openly known as his niece. Then shewent with Zhou Enlai to YanAn. She was called the red princess. In1939, she went with Zhou Enlai to Moscow to study drama. In December1949, Mao went to the Soviet Union with Zhou; Sun Weishi was theirinterpreter and also taught Mao some Russian. Mao had a carriage ofhis own in the train. One night Mao raped her in his carriage. Suntold Zhou about it, but Zhou did not dare to say anything. In theCultural Revolution, her brother was tragically beaten to death andSun wrote to Jiang Qing to ask for an investigation. She also wroteto Zhou. Both without result. In December 1967, her husband was putin prison on spying charges. Her home was searched and some lettersto Mao were found. Jiang Qing took these letters to see Zhou Enlaiand blamed him for it. Jiang even slapped Zhou’s face in wrath.Zhou could not do anything to her. Before long Sun Weishi was put ina secret prison on the orders of Jiang Qing and was tortured todeath. A long nail was driven into her head. Jiang Qing wanted ZhouEnlai to sign an order to execute Sun Weishi; Zhou did not dare torefuse and signed it. No comment needed here. Everyone can see what aman Zhou was.
    Feng Fengming was a returned overseasChinese and was talented in drama. When she arrived in YanAn, she wasenrolled in the Lu Xun Arts College and then became an actress. Oneday after a performance, Mao invited her to his place to discussacting. Then and there, he violated her. She was so infuriated thatshe left YanAn. No one knew where she went.
    In 1962, Mao went to Shanghai. Themayor Ke Qingshi at the time made arrangements for Mao to meet thefamous movie star Shangguan Yunzhu. A friend of hers had witnessed anote Mao had written to Shangguan. Mao wrote that “A hero loved abeauty since the olden days. I am the hero. You are the beauty.”The next year, Mao came to Shanghai again and met her again. Everytime, they would stay together for several days. In 1965, she wasbrought to Zhongnanhai (literally, central south sea) in Beijing,where Mao lived. They openly lived together. Not long later, Mao tookher back to Shanghai and she never saw him again. In 1966, she wasarrested under orders of Jiang Qing and she died in jail.
    In Mao’s late years, Zhang Yufengworked as Mao’s secretary and looked after him day and night. Zhangwas born in 1944 to a poor family in northeastern China. In 1958,Zhang worked as a train attendant. Then she was transferred to thespecial train for Mao in 1962. In 1967, she was married to a manworking in the railway department. But in July 1970, Mao took aliking to her and she was sent to work in Zhongnanhai. She lookedafter Mao’s health and daily life. She lived with Mao till hisdeath. Then she moved out of Zhongnanhai. Now she’s enjoying aquiet retired life.

  5. #75
    ThePuppet Governments in China Under Japan

    The assassination of Wang Jingwei

    Japan knew that for such a big countryas China, they would need to set up some puppet governments as theycould not rule all China by themselves. Manchukuo in the northeasternChina was the first puppet government Japan established. As Japanexpanded into other provinces, they founded other local puppetgovernments. From December 1937 to March 1938, puppet governmentswere set up in Peking and in Nanking.
    Japan always wanted to induce ChiangKai-shek and the national government to surrender to Japan and becamethe central puppet government, but never succeeded. In November,1938, Japan sent someone to talk to Wang Jingwei (1883—1944) andhis clique. His two important followers were Chen Gongbo (1892—1946)and Zhou Fohai (1897—194. Both were originally members of theCommunist Party. It was said that most of the members of any partywere mainly opportunists. They would go where personal benefitsbeckoned to them.
    Wang always wanted to be the head of agovernment, but he was no rival to Chiang Kai-shek who controlled thearmy. Now Japan offered him a chance to be one, though only the headof a puppet government. Better than nothing. So the representativesof both sides had a secret talk in Shanghai and signed an agreementstating that the new government recognized Manchukuo, and that Japanhad priority over any natural resources in China, etc. On the 18thof December, 1938, Wang Jingwei, Chen Gongbo and Zhou Fohaistealthily left Chongqing, the temporary war-time capital, and wentto Kunming, where they took a plane to Hanoi in Vietnam.

  6. #76
    On December 29, 1938, Wang sent out apublic telegram stating three points as his principles fornegotiating with Japan: firstly, be friendly to the adjacentcountries; secondly, to cooperate with Japan against the CommunistParty; thirdly, to get financial assistance from Japan. The nationalgovernment and the Communist Party both saw Wang’s statement as abetrayal of China and a capitulation to Japan. So Wang and hisfollowers were defined as traitors.
    Therefore, on New Year’s Day of 1939,Chiang Kai-shek had a meeting to announce that Wang was expelled fromthe National Party and dismiss from all his offices. Next he plannedto get rid of Wang physically. Some special agents were sent toassassinate him in Hanoi.
    Wang and his wife, Chen Bijun, andanother follower, hid in a house and seldom went out. The specialagents were composed of 18 experienced assassins, called “18Arhans,” which came from the Buddhist culture, but meant “strongmen” in Chinese culture. They arrived in Hanoi and got all theinformation they needed about Wang, and where he lived. They werewaiting for the final order from Chiang Kai-shek. Chiang stillharbored a hope that Wang would turn back to the national government.He sent an emissary to Hanoi to have a talk with Wang, but Wangrefused the request to go back. Wang and his wife knew that they werenow in danger of being killed.
    On the 19th of March, ChiangKai-shek gave the final order to rid of Wang. So the 18 Arhans gotready for action. At 9 o’clock on the 20th day, when theagents had a meeting to arrange for the action, they heard that Wangand his men were getting ready to leave the house. So the agents cameto chase them, riding in two cars. When Wang and his men found thatthey were being followed, they succeeded in shaking the agents off inthe heavy traffic at an intersection.
    At 4 o’clock the next day, Wang’snew location was disclosed. So six agents went there. They had to actfast because they were in a foreign country. Vietnam at that time wasunder French rule. Wang’s guards could not carry guns. But theagents secretly had guns carried in. So when the agents attacked, theguards were defenseless. One agent went to the room where Want wassupposed to be. The agent used an ax to make a hole in the door andsaw a man and a woman inside. He shot at the man three times. Hewitnessed the bullets hit home and left as fast as he could. Three ofthe agents escaped and three of them were arrested by the police inHanoi. Afterwards, while they were happy thinking that they hadfinished off Wang, information arrived that Wang was still alive.Only one of his followers was killed. Some of the agents left andsome remained behind for further action. But they never killed Wang.

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