100 Famous Women in China - Page 9

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  1. #81
    77. Wang Hanlun(from a movie star to a business woman)
    WangHanlun (1903—08/17/197was one of the earliest female movie stars in China. She was born in a big official family in Suzhou city. Then they moved to live inShanghai. She was early educated in St. Mary's Hall, a female schoolrun by the church in Shanghai. After the death of her father, at theage of sixteen, her brother forced to discontinue her schooling andarranged for her to marry an official, who had the adultery with aJapanese woman not long afterwards and deserted her. She had to teachin a primary school in Hongkou district of Shanghai for her living.Then she worked as a clerk in British-American Tobacco Co. (hk) Ltd.,and then as a typist in Siming Foreign Firm, where she knew a femalecolleague, who was also a shareholder of Mingxing film company. Asthe colleague knew that she liked filming, the colleague took her oneday to see the conductor, who was just looking for a female star forhis movie. He told her to perform some actions and make someexpressions on the face like smiling, angry, sad and happy. Hethought that she was okay to be a star and signed a contract withher. Thus, she began her acting career.
    Therefore,she resigned from her typist job. When her brother learned it, he wasangry and wanted to send her back to their hometown Suzhou to punishher by family rules. In old families in that time, there were familyrules to punish their sons and daughters who had done somethingagainst the rules or even the will of elders. But it was republicnow. So Wang Hanlun declared to stop her relationship with the familyso that they could not punish her by the family rules.
    Heroriginal name was Peng Jianqing. Now as she severed herself from herfamily, she changed her name to Wang Hanlun. The self-given name wasreally taken from Helen by sound, but in Chinese characters. So youcan pronounce Hanlun as Helen.
    TheMingxing Film Company was founded in 1922. The movie Wang had a rolein it was called AnOrphan Rescues His Grandpa.The movie was on in 1924 to the warm applause of the public. She thenacted in other three successive movies. She became so well-known tothe public that another film company, Changcheng Film Company, cameto ask her to work for them and pay her more. She then transferred tothat company. For this company, she filmed DesertedWomanand others. But this company did not pay her more, and her complaintscame of no avail. She went to work for another company, Tianyi FilmCompany. As all the film companies paid her not to her satisfaction,she founded a film company of her own called “Hanlun Film Company.”She acted in a movie named BlindLove.All her movies had a tragic end. So she was nicknamed “first tragicstar on the screen.” During the recess, she would go on the stageto greet her audience, which got her a lot of fans.
    In1931, she gave up filming and changed her aim to business. She openeda beauty shop in Shanghai. She was one of the first women who studiedthe beauty culture in China. When Shanghai was occupied by Japanesearmy, she had to close the shop. When the Japanese wanted her to workfor them, she refused on the pretense that she was sick. So she livedin a poor condition by selling her belongings. In 1945 when Japansurrendered, she wanted to resume her acting. But as she went to afilming company, the owner rejected her, implying that she was tooold. She was then in her forties.
    In1950 when CPC took reign over the mainland, the Kunlun Movie Companyinvited her to the role of Empress Dowager Cixi in the movie Legendof Wuxun.When Shanghai Film Factory was founded, she was given a job there andgot salary as a clerk of something. But she was still assigned someside roles. When the Cultural Revolution began, though she wasretired, the red guards came to her home and took away all the oldfilms she kept for so long. She died of disease on the seventeenth ofAugust in 1978 in the hospital.

  2. #82
    1. Zhang Zhiyun (the first movie queen in China)

    ZhangZhiyun (1904—1975)was the first movie queen in China. She was born in Fanyu town ofGuangdong province and in childhood, moved to Shanghai with herfamily. When her father died, her family fell into financialdifficulties. Therefore, she had to cease her education in the middleschool.
    Atthe beginning of 1924, Dazhonghua Film Company was founded and theyput an advertisement on the newspaper, “Actresses wanted.” Theapplication letters with a photo must be sent to the newspaper's mailbox. Ten days later, they received about ten thousand female photos,but none of them were suitable. Then they found that a reporterworking there secretly opened all letters and hid whatever photos heliked. After negotiation, he returned ten photos. Zhang's photo wasone of them.
    Shewas chosen and acted in two silent films, successfully. In 1925 shewent to work for Mingxing Film Company. In 1926, the newspaper heldan activity to vote for movie queen. Twelve actresses joined in it.Zhang was the first by getting 2146 votes. So she was the first moviequeen in China.
    Shethen participated in parties of the upper social circle and became toknow Tang Jishan, a tea salesman. In 1927, she gave up her filmingand went with him to America to sell tea. Tang just wanted to use hertitle of movie queen as his spokeswoman to advertise his products.But he did not know that American people never heard of the moviequeen in China. So he failed and had to take her back to China. In1931, he deserted Zhang and lived together with another movie star.
    Thencame the ages of sound film. As she could not speak mandarin, she hadseldom any contracts. In 1933, she tried to act in a sound film andin 1935, in another sound film called NewPeach Fan.But the audience did not acknowledge her success. She had to retirefrom filming circle again. In forties she got married and in fifties,she moved to live in Hong Kong till she died there.

  3. #83
                  1. Xuan Jinglin (first actress with a private car

    andshowing her bare legs to the public in China)
    XuanJinglin(1904—01/22/1992) was born in Shanghai. Her father was a newspapervendor. She went to the school run by Moore Memorial Church inShanghai for free. As she could not stand the bully of the studentscoming from rich families, she gave up the schooling and went tolearn Peking opera, because her uncle was the accountant in atheater, where Peking operas were performed. When her parents andelder brother fell sick, she was sold to a brothel for money for herfamily when she was still young. In the brothel she met a young man,who loved her, but his parents would not let him marry a prostitute.
    Therefore,she started to save money her patrons gave her as gifts to redeemherself from the brothel. The bawd found it and took all her savedmoney away. She could do nothing about it. A poor young girl. Bychance, she was found by the conductor of Mingxing Film Company. Theyhad a new screenplay called LastConsciousness.The girl was fit for the role. They could not find other girls fitfor it. Therefore, the company paid the money to the bawd for herredemption. She became a movie actress. That was in 1923. This moviewas on in 1925.
    Thenshe acted for the role of a whore in another movie called AWoman in Shanghai,which won her a great fame, as she acted from her won experience. Sheearned a lot of money and bought a car for herself. She was the firstwoman that had a car for her own use only. And she was also the firstwoman actress in China that showed her bare legs to the public.
    Theyoung man still loved the girl, especially she was now a famous moviestar. Yet his parents rejected their marriage owing to the girl'swhore background. Therefore, the conductor of the film company wentto see the parents and persuaded them to accept the girl. Althoughthe parents agreed to their marriage, they had some conditions.Firstly, there was no wedding ceremony. Secondly, the girl could notlive in the house of the parents. The new couple had to rent aseparate house. But there were always rumors about movie stars. Andthe husband often suspected her of something. Finally they divorced.
    Shefilmed thirty-five movies. Another movie was Thelady's Fanin 1928. Then when she grew old and there appeared more youngerfemale actresses, she gradually faded from the screen. When CPC ruledover the mainland, Shanghai Film Factory was founded, and she wasinvited to act in the movie Familyin 1956. She died in 1992 at the age of eighty-eight.

  4. #84
    Why is there such problem with the subtitle and title number? And I can't edit it.

  5. #85
    80.Hu Die (first actress in China attending international film festivaland getting award)
    HuDie (03/23/1908—04/23/1989)was born in Shanghai and when she was nine, the family moved to Canton. She went to Pooi To Middle School. In 1924, when she wassixteen, the family moved back to Shanghai. That year, the movie AnOrphan Rescues His Grandpawas on. It touched audience, including the young Hu Die. So she sether heart on being an actress. She signed up as a candidate inShanghai China Film School, which was the first such a school inChina. She learned drama, film theory, and performing. She likedperforming, and next year she was given a role in Exploits,which was her first movie.
    Sheacted in more than twenty movies with different film companies. Hermaster piece was Twinsisters.She acted both sisters with different life experience, characters,and social status. It was so successful that it got the highest seatoccupancy rate at the time.
    WhenSeptember 18thIncidents took place, a misfortune befell Hu Die. At the time shewent with the filming crew to Peking. Coincidentally, the generalZhang Xueliang (see above) was also in Peking. That time, people innortheastern China were furious against the Japanese invaders. Totransfer the anger of the Chinese people from Japanese to someoneelse, Japanese news agency spread a rumor that on the night of theincidents, Zhang was dancing with Hu Die. According to logic, Zhangshould be fighting the invaders right on the night as northeasternChina was his defending area. The rumor meant that Zhang neglectedhis duties. So people turned against Zhang and against Hu Die, too.Although she made a declaration openly on newspapers, there werestill doubts.
    On the New Year'sDay of 1933, for the development of the filming business, the DailyStar of Shanghai proposed an activity to vote for female star queenagain. Hu Die won the title by getting 21334 votes. She won anotherstar queen title in 1934. In 1935, Russia held an international filmfestival in Moscow, Hu die was invited to attend. She was the onlyfemale movie star that was invited.
    InNovember of 1937, when Shanghai was occupied by the Japanese army,they took over the film company. So no film was made anymore. As thehusband of Hu Die was in Hong Kong, she went there to join herhusband. On the twenty-fifth of December in 1941, Japanese armyoccupied Hong Kong. In order to gain the support of Hong Kong people,especially of some famous people there, the Japanese asked Hu Die toact in the film HuDie travels in Tokyo.However, Hu Die declined on the pretense that she was pregnant. Onthe twenty-fourth of November in 1942, Hu Die stole out of Hong Kongand went to Chongqing city, the temporary capital of the Chinesegovernment at the time.
    Soonshe was under the control of Dai Li (05/28/1897—03/17/1946), thechief of the bureau of investigation and statistics of the militarycouncil of KMD. Dai always adored the beautiful movie star and wantedher to be his mistress. He even wanted to marry her. But he had anair crash in 1946. So she was free from him and went back to HongKong. She began to act in several films. In 1949, her husband died.Then she stopped filming for ten long years. In 1959, she recommencedto act in several films in Hong Kong or Taiwan. In 1960, on theSeventh Asian Film Festival held in Japan, she won the award of thebest actress in the movie called Backdoor.She got the title of Asian star queen at the age of fifty-two. In1966, she retired from the screen and lived in Taiwan. In 1975, sheimmigrated to Vancouver in Canada, and died there in 1989. Her lastwords were, “The butterfly will fly away.” The pronunciation ofher name Hu Die literally meant Butterfly.

  6. #86
    81. Li Minghui (an actress inmovie and on stage)
    Li Minghui(06/1909—12/09/2003) was born in Shanghai. Her father was a famouscomposer and founded a Song & Dance Ensemble. So as a child, shecould sing and dance. At the age of twelve, she began to step up onthe stage to sing and she had more than fifty gramophone records as asinger. Her master piece of songs was called Drizzle.
    At the age ofthirteen, she got her first role, a supporting role, in a film. In1925, she got another supporting role. From 1925 to 1928, she actedmain roles in LittleFactory Owner,TransparentShanghai,and Women,etc. Nine movies in all during that period of time. She also actedsome children's plays such as GrapeFairy,and Sparrowand Kids,etc. As she often acted the role of a young girl, she got he nickname“Little sister.”
    In 1934, she married the famousfootball player at the time, who later went to Hong Kong to become abusinessman. In 1937, she founded a nursery in Shanghai. When herhusband died of liver cancer, she stopped acting career. In 1971, shewas assigned the work of the secretary to take care of the daily lifeof the old curator of history museum. She died in a nursing home inShanghai on the ninth of December in 2003.

  7. #87
    82.Xu Lai (an actress nicknamed Oriental Beauty)
    XuLai(1909—04/1973) was born in Shanghai in a poor family. Therefore,she had to work in an egg factory run by a British businessman at theage of thirteen. Later as her family became better financially, shewas able to attend school. At school, she was only a mediocre student, but began to like dancing. In 1927 when she was eighteen, sheentered the China Song & Dance college. After graduation, shejoined the China Song & Dance Ensemble, and married the founderof the ensemble, a Mr. Li. Then she headed the troupe to perform inCanton and Hong Kong. In 1928, the troupe went on the preforming tourabroad to Thailand, Singapore and Java, etc. Her great beauty andwisdom attracted large audience. She got the nickname “OrientalBeauty.”
    In1933, she was invited to act in a silent film LateSpring.She acted the role of a romantic girl from a wealthy family. The girlwas known as a campus belle in the college. So many rich boys came tocourt her, but at last she made sacrifice for true love. There waseven a scene of her in the bath. At that time, such a scene causedsevere criticism from old prigs. Anyway, she became welcome andwell-known. She received so many letters from her fans that she hadhired a female secretary to help her to handle the letters. She wasthe first movie star in China that had a secretary. In 1935, sheacted in the film called BoatGirl.That year, another famous movie star committed suicide. She was soshocked that she gave up filming for ever.
    Then she gotacquainted with a man Tang. She divorced Li and married Tang. She andTang lived in Shanghai till 1949. During their stay, Shanghai wascontrolled by Japan. Tang came from a family of big landlord andspent money freely. He moved among those Chinese pro to the Japanese.So Tang was deemed as a traitor to Chinese people. But after thesurrender of Japan, he revealed his true identity as a secret agentfrom KMD. So he was a patriot instead of a traitor. In 1949, theymoved to Hong Kong. In 1950, Tang went to join the CPC's army andbecame a general. Tang and the army went south to fight with KMD'sarmy. In 1956, he went to Beijing to work there. So Xu Lai went tolive there. In the so-called great cultural revolution, she and herhusband were put in jail. It was because when she was in Shanghai asan actress, she knew a lot of the scandals of Jiang Qing, Mao's wife.Almost all actors and actresses who had been in Shanghai at the timewere persecuted. Xu was tormented in prison and she died in April of1973 at the age of sixty-four.

  8. #88
    83.Yuan Lingyu (died early and had largest funeral internationally)
    YuanLingyu(04/26/1910—03/08/1935) was born in Shanghai. She reached thehighest level of acting arts in the time of silent films. Her fatherdied when she was only six years old. She lived with her mother. Atthe age of eight, she entered Shanghai ShungTak Female School. She was clever and studied hard. She was one ofthe best students so that she was often chosen to attend singing anddancing performances. She thus developed her interest in acting.
    In1926 when she was sixteen, she was admitted to Shanghai Mingxing FilmCompany and began her filming career. Her maiden movie was CouplesOnly in Name,and others. In 1928, she went to work with another film company andacted in six movies. In 1930, she worked for still another filmcompany. She had the main role in ThreeModern Females.She acted in twenty-nine movies all her short life.
    On the eighth ofMarch in 1935, at the age of twenty-five, she made suicide by takingtoo much sleeping pills. The reason for it was that her husband oftenill-treated, even beat her. She could not endure it any more. Whenthe husband found her taking too much sleeping pills, he did not sendher to the nearest hospital for treatment immediately, he was firstconsidering whether her suicide would harm his reputation. So he tookher to a Japanese hospital far from home. But this hospital did nothave emergency room. He then took her to a private clinic of hisfriend's. But this clinic could not do it. Finally he took her to abig hospital at eleven in the next morning after so many hours. Herlife was not saved.
    Her early sad deathshocked Shanghai and her fans when newspapers reported it. At thefuneral ceremony, even three of her fans made suicide on spot. Theyleft their will, saying that when Yuan was gone, there was no reasonfor the trio to live in this world. Three hundred thousand peopleattended her funeral and the procession lasted three li (one and half akilometer). Next day, the New York Times had the headline like this“The recent largest funeral internationally.”

  9. #89
    84.Jiang Qing (Mao's fourth wife)
    JiangQing (03/05/1914—05/14/1991) was born in Zhu Town ofShandong province. Her original name was Li Yunhe. Her father LiDewen opened a carpentry shop. Her mother was his concubine, who hadbeen a maidservant. (She might be hired by Kang Sheng, later acommunist party member in YanAn.) In the summer of 1921, Jiang Qingstudied in a primary school, but in 1926, was expelled by the school.Her father died of some disease in the same year and her mother tookher to live with her brother-in-law in Tianjin city, who was anofficer in the army of the warlord Zhang Zuolin(03/19/1875—06/04/192, who ruled the northeastern China. JiangQing had worked for three months as a child laborer in the factory ofBritish-American Tobacco Co., Ltd.
    In 1928, the troop ofthe brother-in-law moved to somewhere else, and her mother took herto live with her cousin in JiNan city of Shandong province. In springof 1929, when she was fifteen years old, she learned to be an actressin a theater in the city. In May of 1931, she married a man from awealthy family, but got divorced in July. Then she went to Qingdaocity, close to the East Sea. From July of 1931 to April of 1933, sheworked in a library there.
    But in February of 1932,at the age of eighteen, she lived with (not married to) Yu Qiwei,three years older than she. He was a university student, majoring inbiography, who was also the leader of the propaganda department ofthe communist party there, and had contact with those in the circleof so-called communist culture. She had acted a one-scene play namedPut down your whip, which could be performed in the street inprotest to the Japanese aggression. In February of 1933, she tookoath and joined the communist party through Yu Qiwei in a warehousein Qingdao city.
    In April, Yu wasarrested and she ran away to Shanghai. In May of 1933, she attendedThe Great China University as an auditor student. In July she workedas a music teacher in a primary school in the western suburb ofShanghai, and acted in some amateur plays after work. InSeptember of 1934, she was arrested, but in February, 1935, she wasreleased and went to Peking to live with Yu Qiwei again, who had beenreleased, too. But in March, she returned to Shanghai to join theDiantong Film Company, using her stage name Lanping. She acted theheroine in the play Nara,and got good comments. Afterwards, she played some roles in twomovies. In September, she lived with Tanner, a movie commenter. InApril of 1936, she married Tanner. The ceremony was held togetherwith other two couples, before Liuhe Pagoda in Hangzhou city in themoonlight. A romantic ritual. As she still kept in touch with YuQiwei, in July, Tanner could not bear it and committed suicide invain.
    ThenShe went back to Shanghai and joined the Lianhua Film Company. Shehad a role in the film Bloodon Wolf Mountain.In February of 1937, she acted in the drama Thunderstorm.On the thirtieth day of May, Tanner attempted the second suicide, butstill of no avail. Afterwards he went to France and lived thereforever. In July of 1937, as the Anti-Japanese War broke out, sheleft Shanghai, and in August, she arrived inYanAn and changed her name to Jiang Qing. In November, she wasenrolled in the Anti-Japanese Military and Political University.
    On the tenth day ofApril in 1938, the Lu Xun Arts College was founded and she wasappointed the instructor of the drama department. She acted in twodramas, and in August, acted in a Peking opera. Her efforts wereappreciated and soon afterwards, she was promoted to be the secretaryin the office of the military committee, close to Mao now. It wassaid that she often went to see Mao and asked for instructions fromhim. The intimacy changed their relationship and soon she lived withMao, in place of his current wife He Zizhen, who was studying inMoscow, Soviet Union, at the time. In 1939, she married Mao. But atthe time, she had not been divorced to Tanner yet and Mao had notbeen divorced to He Zizhen yet. Both committed bigamy.
    Therefore, quite a fewcommunist party leaders opposed the marriage. Zhang Wentian was thechief opposer, who maintained his opinion that He Zizhen was a goodcomrade and must be respected as a legal wife. Besides, She had beenhurt in the long march and could not be ignored like this. WangShiying had been in Shanghai and knew all the love affairs of JiangQing, which were really scandals. And as the chief leader of thecommunist party, Mao should not marry a woman with such scandals. Sohe wrote a letter about the scandals. He asked Nan Hanchen to signthe letter, too, who also worked in Shanghai and knew all these.(both were persecuted to death by Jiang Qing in the culturalrevolution.) Only Kang Sheng (1898—1975) supported their marriage.
    Then the communist partyhad a meeting and put up three conditions: 1) Jiang Qing should notinterfere with political affairs; 2) Jiang Qing could not take anyoffice inside or outside the communist party; 3) Jiang Qing's maintask was to look after Mao in his health and personal life.
    When CPC reigned themainland, she was a member of National Movie Advisory committee andthe head of movie bureau of the propaganda department of the centralcommittee of CPC. In 1963, under Mao's secret instruction, she raisedup the leftist thinking in name of Beijing opera revolution as shehad learned how to play Beijing opera. She created eight so-calledmodel Beijing operas. All the old things and classics were forbidden.
    In May of 1966, she wasappointed the vice leader of central cultural revolution group, andthen the proxy leader. At the ninth and tenth national CPCconference, she was appointed a member of the central politicalbureau of CPC. She instigated the red guards to criticize many oldCPC cadres. She secretly instructed her followers to persecute actorsand actresses, who knew her scandals in Shanghai and most of whomwere tortured to death. In 1971, after the Lin Biao's Incident, sheand Wang Hongwen, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan formed the so-calledgang of four. They wanted to seize the power out of the remaining oldcadres and ruled China all by themselves. But they failed with thedeath of Mao.
    On the sixth day ofOctober in 1976, the gang of four were respectively arrested. In Julyof 1977, she was expelled from CPC at a CPC central meeting. Duringthe period from the twentieth day of November in 1980 to thetwenty-fifth day of January in 1981, the gang of four respectivelygot verdicts. Jiang Qing was sentenced to death, but got two years'probation. Then the sentence was reduced for life. On the fourteenthday of May in 1991, during her release on medical parole, she madeher suicide.
    JiangQing had a daughter with Mao, born in 1940 and called Li Na, who isalive now in her retirement.

  10. #90
    85.Wang Renmei (an actress nicknamed TheWildcat of Shanghai)
    WangRenmei (12/24/1914—04/12/1987) was born in Changsha town of HuNanprovince in a teacher's family. Her father was a mathematics teacherin the First Normal School of the province. Even Mao Zedong had beenhis student. So the girl had good education since childhood. She hadbrothers and sisters, seven in all, including herself, the youngestsister. Her mother died of stroke when she was only seven and in aprimary school.
    In1926, she graduated from the primary school, and was admitted to theFirst Female Normal School of the province. She liked mathematics andwanted to be a mathematics teacher like her father. On the nineteenthof September in the same year, her father was stung by wasps and diedfrom it.
    Hereldest brother had been to Germany for university, known Zhou Enlaithere. But when he returned, he died of some sort of disease. In1927, after the death of her father and mother, her family membersscattered and she went with her two brothers to Wuxi city, where thefamily of the wife of her second brother lived.
    Atthe beginning of 1928, her two brothers took her to Shanghai. She andher third brother entered the Methodist Girls' School, where shelearned singing and dancing while her brother learned mandolin. Asher second brother knew the founder of the Mingyue Singing &Dancing Troupe, the trio soon worked for it. She was the singer anddancer. Her third brother played mandolin and her second brother wasin charge of costumes and the arrangement of the scenes.
    InMay of 1928, the troupe made a tour around East Asia, to Singapore,KualaLumpur, Penang, Bangkok, Malacca,Jakarta, and Sumatera, and other cities. In 1929, the troupe wasdismissed. She went back to Shanghai and learned English for a yearin a school. While she was learning English, she rehearsed achildren's play called LittlePainter,which was a success. Therefore, the school hired her as a singingteacher and she then got pay.
    In1931, she became a movie actress. She played the main role in themovie WildRoses.In 1934, she acted in the movie Songsof Fishermen,which continued to show in cinemas for eighty-four days, the longestperiod among all movies shown. It attracted a million of audience,and in 1935, she won the Honorary Award of the international filmfestival held in Moscow, Soviet Union. It was the first award for aChinese movie star to have won.
    Anyway,in spite of the great success, the company discontinued her contractbecause they thought that a married woman would lose her attractionto the audience. However, she did marry the actor, who was the mainmale character in this movie. In 1937, when Japanese army occupiedShanghai, the Japanese wanted her husband to make a movie for them,but he declined. In autumn of 1938, with the help of friends, thecouple escaped to Hong Kong. In 1939, the couple were invited to actin the movie Wingsof China,and they accepted. This movie described the development of the airforce of China.
    Whenthe Japanese took Hong Kong, they escaped to Chongqing city, thetemporary capital of the Chinese government. Then the couple oftenlived separately. At the end of 1943, the husband went to Chengducity and in 1944, invited by the Roc Drama Club, she went to Kunmingcity to act the drama Peacock.Soon the club was dismissed. To make her living, she had to work as atypist in the supplies department of the American military basethere. The husband could not bear the separation, and so theydivorced in 1945.
    Afterthe surrender of Japan, she returned to Shanghai, and then moved toHong Kong. In 1950, she came back to Shanghai again under theinfluence of the propaganda of CPC. But in 1952, when CPC waged therectification movement in the film circle, she was slandered to havethe intercourse with KMD spy head Dai Li. She was almost insane andwas sent to an asylum. Then her second sister took her to Beijing andshe was by degrees recovered. Then she was assigned to work inBeijing Film Factory. In 1955, through the introduction of friends,she married a painter. They often quarreled owing to differentcharacters. However, they maintained the marriage till her death.
    In1957 during the anti-rightist movement, she was sick again and herhusband sent her to an asylum again. Anyway, she handed in herapplications for joining CPC. During the cultural revolution, she wassent to labor in the countryside. And her husband was put in jail asa KMD spy for seven years. In 1979, she was redressed and herapplication to join CPC was approved.
    In1980, she got a stroke and paralyzed on bed. In 1986, she got strokeonce more and became human vegetable. On the twelfth of April in1987, she died in Beijing at the age of seventy-three. In 2003, shewas chosen by the film Acting Arts Academy of China to be one of theone-hundred excellent movie stars in the one-hundred years in China.In 2013, Prof. Richard J. Meyer of Seattle University wrote a bookabout her, titled WangRenmei: The Wildcat of Shanghai publishedby the press of The Chinese University of Hong Kong.


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