100 Famous Women in China - Page 5

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  1. #41
    [I am not sure what genre it should be. I just collect data of the 100 famous women in China.]

    39. Wu Meiniang (thesole female sovereign in China)
    WuMeiniang was the concubine of Emperor Taizong, and after the death ofemperor Taizong, she was the empress of emperor Gaozong, the son ofemperor Taizong. Such thing happened in the history of China. Afterthe death of emperor Gaozong, she was the empress dowager, and thenthe empress sovereign. (I wrote a separate book for her titled“EmpressWu the Great.”)

  2. #42
    40. PrincessWencheng (the princess married to Tibet)
    Princess Wencheng(623—680 AD) was the daughter of Emperor Taizong. She was prettyand clever, and was familiar with Chinese culture. She believed inBuddhism.
    Tibet was thenindependent of China. It became a vassal state to China only in Qingdynasty, but still only in name. It ruled itself independently, evenunder KMD government, till CPC sent its army into Tibet and actuallyruled it. At that time, sometimes it was friendly to Tang governmentand sometimes invaded Tang territory. It depended on who ruled Tibet.At the time, SongtsenGampo was the king of Tibet.
    Itwas a leap year in 640 AD. The lunar calendar has a double month inthe leap year. There were two tenth moons in that year and in thebissextile tenth moon, the king of Tibet sent someone to the capitalof Tang dynasty with five thousand taels of silver and hundreds ofgems and other valuables, asking for the hand of one of theprincesses. Emperor Taizong was on the throne at that time and agreedto marry Princess Wencheng to the Tibetan king.
    Onthe fifteenth day of the third moon in 641 AD, Emperor Taizongordered Prince Jiangxia, his cousin, to escort Princess Wencheng toTibet for the wedding ceremony. When the princess arrived, the kingwas very happy and had a palace of Tang style built for her. The kingalso liked the clothes and etiquette of Tang style. Whenever he wentto see the princess, he put on gauze clothes of Tang style. Accordingto the history record, the princess brought Tang culture theretogether with silkworm eggs, which affected the life and customs ofTibetan people. They began to breed silkworms and made silk clothes.She also brought a statue of Sakyamuni,and the king built RamocheTemple for it. The princess was the second queen of the Tibetan king.His first queen was a princess from Nepal.
    Inthe fifth moon of AD 650, died the king of Tibet, the husband ofPrincess Wencheng and so the brother-in-law of the present EmperorGaozong, son of Emperor Taizong, who already died. Emperor Gaozongwas the brother of Princess Wencheng. The son of King SongtsenGampohad died early and so his grandson was madethe king. As the grandson was a child, the prime minister Ludongzanhad all the power to rule Tibet. He was talented and so Tibet becamestrong.
    Inthe second moon of 679 AD, another king of Tibet died, and his son,eight years old, succeeded to the position of king. In the tenthmoon, the sad news of the death of the Tibetan king, SongtsenGampo, her husband, sent by Princess Wencheng,who was still alive, arrived in the capital of Tang Dynasty. Acourtier Song Lingwen was sent to attend the funeral.
    During the tenthmoon of 680 AD, Princess Wencheng died in Tibet.

  3. #43
    It would be non-fiction then.

  4. #44
    Nevertheless, this is the correct location for collected works and multi-chapters not necessarily meant for critique. This is the appropriate forum for xlwoo's works.

    So keep on posting, xlwoo.
    Hidden Content Hidden Content Hidden Content Hidden Content

    And check out Gertie's blog on her favorite top twenty-five albums between 1955-2017 Hidden Content

  5. #45
    [Thanks to both of you.]

    41.Princess Taiping (a lewd and ambitious woman)
    PrincessTaiping (670—713 AD) was the daughter of Emperor Gaozong andEmpress Wu the Great. She was pretty and ambitious like her mother.Her real name was Li Lingyue and Taiping was her Taoist name. Oncethe king of Tibet wanted to marry her and sent a messenger to thecapital. The emperor and empress would not let her marry so far, andso let her become a female Taoist, but only in name, because a femaleTaoist could not marry so that she could refuse the king of Tibetwithout offending him. Hence, historians call her Princess Taiping(literally meaning peace). Instead, Princess Wencheng married theking of Tibet (see above).
    In681 AD when the princess was sixteen, she married her husband, thenephew of Emperor Gaozong. This was her first marriage, which endedin 688 AD, because the brother of her husband joined in a rebellionand was executed. Her husband, though innocent, was put in jail andstarved there.
    Hersecond husband was the nephew of Empress Wu. The couple lived fortwenty-two years and the husband died one year before her. During hersecond marriage, she often had adultery with whomever she liked,sometimes a courtier, and sometimes a monk, who was stout and couldhave longer action than others. Her husband did not dare to sayanything as she was the favorite princess. Empress Wu liked her thisdaughter better than her other children, because she was more likeher mother in appearance and character. To please her mother, shesometimes brought strong men into the palace to entertain her mother.The monk was one of them. When the monk became the favorite ofempress Wu, he turned to be arrogant and did a lot of things againstthe law. The monk was later killed because of his misbehavior.
    WhenEmpress Wu grew old, she made her son Li Xuan the crown prince. In705 AD, Premier Zhang Janzhi (625—706 AD) had coupd'état and forced Empress Wu to retire and give the throne to thecrown prince, who was Emperor Zhongzong (11/26/656—07/03/710 AD).His wife was Empress Wei. She had a daughter, Princess Anle (?--710AD), who yearned for power, too, and even asked the emperor to makeher crown princess so that she could be the successor to the throne.At the same time, Princess Taiping became more powerful as she hadsupported the emperor to get his throne.
    Empress Wei did notlove the emperor. She was also an ambitious woman, and wanted to bethe empress sovereign like Empress Wu, who was them dead. So sheconspired with her daughter to poison the emperor, her husband. Afterthe death of Emperor Zhongzong, her brother, Princess Taiping andShangguan WanEr (see next) drafted the will of the diseased emperorto make Prince Wen the crown prince. Empress Wei was the regent andsupplanted members of Li family and supported members of her Weifamily. So the two family members fought each other. At last, Lifamily gained the day and killed empress Wei and her family members.In this event, Princess Taiping had a finger and she supported Li Dan(662—716 AD), another son of Empress Wu, also her brother, to bethe emperor, who was Emperor Ruizong.
    In the seventh moonof 712 AD, Emperor Ruizong retired and gave the throne to his son,who became Emperor Xuanzong (09/08685—05/03/762 AD), who was thehusband of the famous Imperial Concubine Yang, the fourth beauty ofthe four beauties in the history. Princess Taiping vied with EmperorXuanzong for power, but she failed at length, and was forced to hangherself at home.

  6. #46
    42.Shangguan WanEr (a poetess and talented woman)
    Shangguan(double surname) WanEr (664—710 AD) was a poetess and worked as asecretary for Empress Wu the Great. When her grandfather was killedby Empress Wu, because he opposed her to be the empress, she and hermother were taken to the palace as slaves. She was then still achild. Under the education of her mother, she became a girl oftalent. She developed a good memory. Later when Empress Wu found hertalent, she liberated her from slavery and also her mother. As shecould write well and exercise good calligraphy, Empress Wu made thegirl her secretary and let her draft edicts for her. She endeavoredto please Empress Wu and soon became her favorite. Empress Wu let herhandle some state affairs and by degrees, she got some power.
    In705 AD, during the rule of Emperor Zhongzong, the emperor let herdraft all the imperial edicts, which was a very important position.The emperor trusted in her so much that her power grew as well as herambition. It was said that she had adultery with the emperor. Nextyear, she had adultery with Wu Sansi, a nephew of Empress Wu. In theseventh moon of 707 AD, the crown prince led his bodyguards to attackthe residence of Wu Sansi and killed him. The crown prince wanted tokill Shangguan WanEr, too, because she supported Wu family. WanErescaped to the palace and the emperor's mother, Empress Wei,protected her. Then the imperial guards came forth to defeat thecrown prince, who was killed in the combat.
    In710 AD, when Princess Taiping became more powerful, WanEr tended tosupport Princess Taiping. When Emperor Zhongzong was poisoned byEmpress Wei, she and Princess Taiping drafted the will of the lateemperor to make Prince Wen as the crown prince and Empress Wei becamethe regent. In the seventh moon, Prince Linzi, son of EmperorRuizong, led the imperial guards to enter the palace and killedEmpress Wei, her daughter Princess Anle, and also Shangguan WanEr,who was thought to be the follower of Empress Wei. When the son laterbecame Emperor Xuanzong, he admired the poetic talent of WanEr andgave order to collect her poems into a book. One of her poem runs asfollows:
    Just as leaves fall on the TongtingLake,
    I think of you ten thousand milesaway.
    The dew is dense and the scentedquilts are cold;
    Themoon sets and the brocade screen is empty.

  7. #47
    43. Yang Yuhuan (thefourth beauty of the four beauties)
    YangYuhuan was the imperial concubine of Emperor Xuanzong, the fourthbeauty of the four beauties in the history of China. Her story wasincluded in the book titled “LoveTales of Ancient China.”She was the fat beauty as fatness was the fashion of the beauty inTang dynasty, while the other three beauties were thin and lean, likewhat we like nowadays.

  8. #48
    44.Xue Tao(a famous poetess and a courtesan)
    Xue Tao (768—832AD) was a famous poetess in Tang dynasty. She was born in ChangAncity, the capital. Her father was a petty official and moved toChengdu city. When her father died, she lived in this city eversince.
    She could writepoems and knew music at the age of eight. Once her father composed acouplet, “There is an old tree in the courtyard, Its tall trunkrising into clouds.” He wanted his daughter to write anothercouplet so that the four lines could make a poem. She immediatelywrote, “Its boughs welcome birds from north to sough, Its leavessend away winds coming and going.” Her father was glad and proud ofher. But historians said that these two lines were the exactdescription of her own fate as she later became a courtesan thatwelcomed visitors coming and saw visitors going.
    After the death ofher father, her family, mother and herself, fell into poverty. Shehad to become a singsong girl in a whorehouse at the age of sixteen.As a singsong girl did not have love-making with any visitors. Sheonly entertained them with her song or music play, or wrote a poem orpainted something for them. As she was beautiful and talented, shewas well-known in the area. Her visitors were all local officials andmen of letters. Her nickname was “Poetic whore.”
    The governor ofthat time liked her talent very much and often sent for her to hisresidence to entertain his guests by chanting poems of her owncomposition. Thus she made acquaintance with many famous poets andscholars at the time. She even fell in love with one of them, buttheir love had no result. The governor adored her poetic talent, andtried to get an official title for her from the central government,but of no avail. When this governor died, the next governor came. Heliked her too, and canceled her registration in her prostituterecord. She became a free ordinary woman. Then she always wore aTaoist costume. She seldom had visitors now. She lived a quiet lifein old age. She made a kind of paper called Xue Tao paper, which wasslightly pink. The paper was widely used at the time.

  9. #49
    45.Yu Xuanji (a famous poetess and a female Taoist)
    YuXuanji (844—871 AD) was a famous poetess in the late Tang dynasty.At first her name was Yu Youwei. In 894 AD when she was five, herfamily moved to another town and she started her study at a localschool. In 854 AD when she was ten, the family moved back to herhometown, where she began to get acquainted with a famous poet at thetime. They wrote poems to each other ever since.
    In858 AD, she was fourteen. A scholar Li Yi (?--?) wrote a poem on thewall of Chongzhen Temple. It was traditional for ancient poets towrite poems wherever they could, such as on the walls of a temple, ofa wine house, or even on a cliff wall of a scenic spot. When thegirl read it, she liked it and then married Li Yi as a concubinethrough the introduction of her acquainted poet. As Li had a wife, Yucould only be a concubine. His wife was so jealous that Li did notdare to bring the girl home. He just let her stay in Xianyi Temple.
    Afew years later, her husband deserted her because he was a man likingnew love partners, except his wife, whom he was afraid of. Yu beganto travel east in the autumn of 861 AD. Next spring, she returned towhere she started her trip, ChangAn city. In 866 AD when she turnedtwenty-two, she became a female Taoist in Yanyi Temple and changedher name to Yu Xuanji, which was better known to us. In that periodof time, many men of letters came to seek her favor, but she favorednone. She treated everyone coming to visit her equally as a friend.She did not remarry anyone. She kept writing poems, fifty-one in allthat we know today. Although she was a Taoist, she was a famouswoman, and had a maid to wait on her. Once she was so angry with hermaid that she beat her accidentally to death. For this crime, she wasexecuted. A famous couplet from one of her poems is so written:
    Itis easy to get a precious antique,
    Buthard to have a boy of true love.

  10. #50
    46.Du Qiuniang (a famous poetess)
    DuQiiuniang (971--? AD) was a poetess. At the age of fifteen, shebecame a concubine of Li Qi (741—807 AD), who was a relative ofthe imperial family. He was a corrupt official and once when theemperor wanted him to go to the capital, he was afraid that he wouldbe killed. Therefore, he rebelled, but failed and killed. Du Qiuniangwas then taken to the palace. She became a concubine of the emperor,who died in 820 AD. Then the crown prince succeeded the throne andwas Emperor Muzong (795—824 AD). Now Du Qiuniang was a middle-agedwoman. The new emperor let her be the nanny of his son. When she grewtoo old, the emperor let her go back to her hometown, Nanking city,where she was born. She died naturally. Her famous poem is thus:
    I advise you not forgold-woven dress to care,
    But advise you for precioustime of youth to care.
    If flowers are in fullbloom and worth picking, just pick,
    Don'twait till no more flowers, then on empty boughs pick.


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