2) Jiang Qing—the 4thwife of Mao Zedong—went to YanAn
Jiang Qing (03/1914—1991)was born in Zhu Town of Shandong province. Her original name was LiYunhe. Her father Li Dewen opened a carpentry shop. Her mother washis concubine, who had been a maidservant. (She might be hired byKang Sheng, later a communist party member in YanAn.) In the summerof 1921, Jiang Qing studied in a primary school, but in 1926, wasexpelled by the school. Her father died of some disease in the sameyear and her mother took her to live with her brother-in-law inTianjin city, who was an officer in the army of the warlord ZhangZuolin. Jiang Qing had worked for three months as a child laborer inthe factory of British-American Tobacco Co., Ltd. In 1928, the troopof the brother-in-law moved to somewhere else, and her mother tookher to live with her cousin in JiNan. In spring of 1929, when she was15 years old, she learned to be an actress in a theater in the city.In May of 1931, she married a man from a wealthy family, but gotdivorced in July. Then she went to Qingdao, and from July of 1931 toApril of 1933, she worked in a library there. But in February of1932, at the age 18, she lived with (not married to) Yu Qiwei, threeyears older than she, a university student majoring in biography, whowas also the leader of the propaganda department of the communistparty there, and had contact with those in the circle of so-calledcommunist culture. She had acted a one-scene play named Put downyour whip, which could be performed in the street in protest tothe Japanese aggression. In February of 1933, she took oath andjoined the communist party through Yu Qiwei in a warehouse inQingdao. In April, Yu was arrested and she ran away to Shanghai. InMay, she attended “The Great China University” as an auditorstudent. In July she worked as a music teacher in a primary school inthe western suburb of Shanghai, and acted in some amateur plays afterwork. InSeptember of 1934, she was arrested, but in February, 1935, she wasreleased and went to Peking to live with Yu Qiwei again, who had beenreleased, too. But in March, she returned to Shanghai to join theDiantong Film Company, using her stage name Lanping. She acted theheroine in the play Nara,and got good comments. Afterwards, she played some roles in twomovies. In September, she lived with Tanner, a movie commenter. InApril of 1936, she married Tanner. The ceremony was held togetherwith other two couples, before Liuhe Pagoda in Hangzhou in themoonlight. A romantic ritual. As she still kept in touch with YuQiwei, in July Tanner could not bear it and committed suicide invain. She went back to Shanghai and joined the Lianhua Film Company.She had a role in the film Bloodon Wolf Mountain.In February of 1937, she acted in the drama Thunderstorm. On the 30thday of May, Tanner attempted the second suicide, but still of noavail. Afterwards he went to France and lived there forever. InSeptember of 1937, as the Anti-Japanese War broke out, she leftShanghai and in August, she arrived in YanAn andchanged her name to Jiang Qing. In November, she was enrolled in theAnti-Japanese Military and Political University. On the 10thday of April, 1938, the Lu Xun Arts College was founded and she wasappointed the instructor of the drama department. She acted in twodramas, and in August, acted in a Peking opera. Her efforts wereappreciated and soon afterwards, she was promoted to be the secretaryin the office of the military committee, close to Mao now. It wassaid that she often went to see Mao and asked for instructions fromhim. The intimacy changed their relationship and soon she lived withMao, in place of his current wife He Zizhen, who was studying inMoscow, Soviet Union, at the time. In 1939, she married Mao. But atthe time, she had not been divorced to Tanner yet and Mao had notbeen divorced to He Zizhen yet. Both committed bigamy.
Therefore, quite a fewcommunist party leaders opposed the marriage. Zhang Wentian was thechief opposer, who maintained his opinion that He Zizhen was a goodcomrade and must be respected as a legal wife. Besides, She had beenhurt in the long march and could not be ignored like this. WangShiying had been in Shanghai and knew all the love affairs of JiangQing, which were really scandals. And as the chief leader of thecommunist party, Mao should not marry a woman with such scandals. Sohe wrote a letter about the scandals. He asked Nan Hanchen to signthe letter, too, who also worked in Shanghai and knew all these.(both were persecuted to death by Jiang Qing in the culturalrevolution.) Only Kang Sheng (1898—1975) supported their marriage.
Then the communist partyhad a meeting and put up three conditions: 1) Jiang Qing should notinterfere with political affairs; 2) Jiang Qing could not take anyoffice inside or outside the communist party; 3) Jiang Qing's maintask was to look after Mao in his health and personal life.
Jiang Qing had adaughter with Mao, born in 1940 and called Li Na, who is alive now inher retirement.


3) Mao's marriage historyand other women he had intercourses with
Mao had four formalmarriages. His first wife was Ms. Luo (no given name known), whobecame Mao's wife in the arrangement of Mao's parents. She was then20 years old while Mao was only 16. Though she was a nice woman, Maodid not like her. Mao family and Luo family were relatives. Theymarried in 1907. But in February of 1910, she died of some disease.Using this as a pretext, Mao left his family and went to Peking.
His second wife was YangKaihui (1901--1930), whose father, Yang Changji, was a returnedstudent from England and was then a professor of ethics in Pekinguniversity. At that time Mao worked in the library and studied as aguest student. He and Yang Kaihui were classmates. In 1919, Mao beganto court Yang Kaihui, and in 1920, they lived together without legalmarriage. At that time Mao was 26 years of age and Yang was only 18.She bore three sons for Mao. In 1921, Yang joined the communistparty, but afterwards she was arrested by the national government andwas executed on the 14th day of November, 1930. Her firstson, Mao Anying (10/24/1922—11/25/1950), died in the Korean War.Her second son, Mao Anqing (11/02/1923—03/23/2007), was escorted byKang Sheng to Moscow. He joined the communist party in 1947. In Julyof 1949, he got the rank of the Lieutenant Colonel, but he wasengaged in research work in the Academy of Military Sciences. He diedof heart disease. Yang's third son, Mao Anlong, was a riddle. It wassaid that he was missing as a child and no one knew what became of him even now. And no one appeared to claim that he was Mao's thirdson.
Mao's third wife was HeZizhen (08/1910--04/19/1984), sister of marshal He Long. In 1927 whenMao went to Jinggang Mountain after the riot, he met He Zizhen there.That year, Mao was 35 years old while she was only 17. In June of1928, they got married while his second wife Yang Kaihui was in theprison. It was never said that Mao had endeavored to rescue her fromthe prison. When He Zizhen was grown up, she was the secretary of thefrontier committee of the red army and director of the woman leaguein the southwestern Jiangxi province. In the long march, to protectthe wounded soldiers from air raid, she was wounded herself. InJanuary of 1938, she went to study in Moscow, Soviet Union, andreturned to China in the summer of 1947. Then she took some officeslike the director of the woman league in Hangzhou city, etc. When HeZizhen had her first child with Mao in 1929, and when they mustescape, He Zizhen left her girl child with a local family. The childwas called Mao Jinhua. In April, 1932, when He Zizhen wanted to findthe child, she was told that the child had died. In fact, the childdid not die, because at that time some agents of the national partycame to inquire of the child and so the adoptive family lied bysaying the child died, lest they kill it. The child grew up and wasnamed Yang Yuehua. In 1973, an old red army man came to the place andlearned something about Yang Yuehua and he notified the brother of HeZizhen, who informed his sister of the truth. However, it was duringthe cultural revolution when Jiang Qing was in power, the mother andthe daughter did not see each other. The daughter is alive now inretirement. He zizhen had another daughter called Mao Jiaojiao. Butafterwards when Mao Zedong changed his name to Li Desheng to avoidbeing arrested by the national government, this daughter changed hername to Li Min, which is used till now. He Zizhen died in Shanghai atthe age 75.
Hie fourth wife wasJiang Qing (see above). But he had intercourses with other womenwithout marriage. The first one was Tao Siyong from a rich family.She was known as a woman of talent and a beauty, too. From 1919 to1920, she and Mao opened a bookstore in Changsha. Mao wrote a lot oflove letters to her. Five of them were found later. In 1921, she wentto study in Jinling College in Nanking. As her father did not likeMao, she did not marry him. She died in 1931 at the age of 36 withoutmarrying anyone. The next one was Ding Ling, a so-called red writer.She was born on the 12th day of October, 1904. She was aclassmate of Yang Kaihui in the high school. She joined the communistparty in 1932 and was arrested too, but in September of 1936, underthe assistance of the communist party, escaped from the prison inNanking and went to YanAn. Mao loved her at the first sight. She wasthe chief editor of Journal of Literature and Arts, and thenthe party secretary of the Chinese Writers Association, and the chiefeditor of People's Literature, etc. But in the anti-rightistmovement in 1957, she was decided by the party as a rightist and wasexiled to a cold region in the northeastern China. She died on the4th day of March in 1986.
Another was Wu Lili,born in 1912. She went to America for further studies aftergraduation from the normal university in Peking. When she learned theoutbreak of the Anti-Japanese, she came back to China, to YanAn, tofight Japan. She became Mao's interpreter and they fell in love. Butwhen He Zizhen came to know it, she went there catching them togetherand she wanted to kill them both. Then everyone knew the scandal andthe central committee of the communist party had to interfere. So Wulili was sent away. Afterwards, she married an officer of thenational party and went to live in Taiwan.
Sun Weishi was also one,whose father was a fellow fighter of Premier Zhou. When he died in1927, Sun Weishi was only 5. So Premier Zhou took care of her andlooked upon her as his adopted daughter, but openly known as hisniece. Then she went with Zhou to YanAn. She was called red princess.In 1939, she went with Zhou to Moscow to study drama. In December,1949, Mao went to Soviet Union with Zhou and Sun Weishi was theinterpreter and also teaching Mao Russian. Mao had a carriage of hisown in the train. One night Mao raped her in his carriage. Sun toldZhou about it, but Zhou did not dare to say anything. In the culturalrevolution, her brother was tragically beaten to death and Sun wroteto Jiang Qing to ask for investigation. She also wrote to Zhou. Bothwithout result. In December, 1967, her husband was put in prison forthe charge of spy. Her home was searched and some letters to Mao werefound. Jiang Qing took these letters to see Zhou and blamed him forit. Jiang even slapped Zhou's face in wrath. Zhou could not doanything to her. Before long Sun Weishi was put in secret prison bythe order of Jiang Qing and was tortured to death. A long nail wasdriven into her head. Jiang Qing wanted Zhou to sign an order toexecute Sun Weishi, and Zhou did not dare to refuse and signed it. Nocomment needed here.
Feng Fengming was areturned oversea Chinese and was apt to act dramas. When she arrivedin YanAn, she was enrolled in the Lu Xun Arts College, and thenbecame an actress. One day after performance, Mao invited her to hisplace for a discussion of acting. Then and there, he violated her.She was so infuriated that she left YanAn. No one knew where she wasgone.
In 1962, Mao went toShanghai. The mayor Ke Qingshi at the time made arrangement for Maoto meet the famous movie star Shangguan Yunzhu. A friend of hers hadwitnessed a note of Mao written to Shangguan. Mao wrote on the notethat “A hero loved a beauty since olden time. I am the hero. Youare the beauty.” Next year, Mao came to Shanghai again and met heragain. Every time, they would stay together for several days. In1965, she was brought to Zhongnanhai (literally central south sea) inBeijing, where Mao lived. They openly lived together. Not long, Maotook her back to Shanghai and she never saw him again. In 1966, shewas arrested under the order of Jiang Qing and died in jail.
In Mao's late years,Zhang Yufeng worked as Mao's secretary and looked after him day andnight. Zhang was born in 1944, from a poor family in the northeasternChina. In 1958, Zhang worked as a train attendant. Then she wastransferred to the special train for Mao in 1962. In 1967, she wasmarried to a man working in the railway department. In July, 1970,Mao liked her and she was sent to work in Zhongnanhai. She lookedafter Mao for his health and everything in life. She lived with Maotill his death. Then she moved out of Zhongnanhai. Now she's enjoyingher quiet retired life.