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100 Famous Women in China (1 Viewer)

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]77. Wang Hanlun(from a movie star to a business woman)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]WangHanlun [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](1903—08/17/1978)was one of the earliest female movie stars in China. She was born in a big official family in Suzhou city. Then they moved to live inShanghai. She was early educated in St. Mary's Hall, a female schoolrun by the church in Shanghai. After the death of her father, at theage of sixteen, her brother forced to discontinue her schooling andarranged for her to marry an official, who had the adultery with aJapanese woman not long afterwards and deserted her. She had to teachin a primary school in Hongkou district of Shanghai for her living.Then she worked as a clerk in British-American Tobacco Co. (hk) Ltd.,and then as a typist in Siming Foreign Firm, where she knew a femalecolleague, who was also a shareholder of Mingxing film company. Asthe colleague knew that she liked filming, the colleague took her oneday to see the conductor, who was just looking for a female star forhis movie. He told her to perform some actions and make someexpressions on the face like smiling, angry, sad and happy. Hethought that she was okay to be a star and signed a contract withher. Thus, she began her acting career. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Therefore,she resigned from her typist job. When her brother learned it, he wasangry and wanted to send her back to their hometown Suzhou to punishher by family rules. In old families in that time, there were familyrules to punish their sons and daughters who had done somethingagainst the rules or even the will of elders. But it was republicnow. So Wang Hanlun declared to stop her relationship with the familyso that they could not punish her by the family rules. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Heroriginal name was Peng Jianqing. Now as she severed herself from herfamily, she changed her name to Wang Hanlun. The self-given name wasreally taken from Helen by sound, but in Chinese characters. So youcan pronounce Hanlun as Helen. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] TheMingxing Film Company was founded in 1922. The movie Wang had a rolein it was called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]AnOrphan Rescues His Grandpa[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].The movie was on in 1924 to the warm applause of the public. She thenacted in other three successive movies. She became so well-known tothe public that another film company, Changcheng Film Company, cameto ask her to work for them and pay her more. She then transferred tothat company. For this company, she filmed [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]DesertedWoman[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]and others. But this company did not pay her more, and her complaintscame of no avail. She went to work for another company, Tianyi FilmCompany. As all the film companies paid her not to her satisfaction,she founded a film company of her own called “Hanlun Film Company.”She acted in a movie named [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]BlindLove[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].All her movies had a tragic end. So she was nicknamed “first tragicstar on the screen.” During the recess, she would go on the stageto greet her audience, which got her a lot of fans. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1931, she gave up filming and changed her aim to business. She openeda beauty shop in Shanghai. She was one of the first women who studiedthe beauty culture in China. When Shanghai was occupied by Japanesearmy, she had to close the shop. When the Japanese wanted her to workfor them, she refused on the pretense that she was sick. So she livedin a poor condition by selling her belongings. In 1945 when Japansurrendered, she wanted to resume her acting. But as she went to afilming company, the owner rejected her, implying that she was tooold. She was then in her forties. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1950 when CPC took reign over the mainland, the Kunlun Movie Companyinvited her to the role of Empress Dowager Cixi in the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Legendof Wuxun[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].When Shanghai Film Factory was founded, she was given a job there andgot salary as a clerk of something. But she was still assigned someside roles. When the Cultural Revolution began, though she wasretired, the red guards came to her home and took away all the oldfilms she kept for so long. She died of disease on the seventeenth ofAugust in 1978 in the hospital. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
  1. [FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]Zhang Zhiyun ([/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]the first movie queen in China)[/FONT]


[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]ZhangZhiyun [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](1904—1975)was the first movie queen in China. She was born in Fanyu town ofGuangdong province and in childhood, moved to Shanghai with herfamily. When her father died, her family fell into financialdifficulties. Therefore, she had to cease her education in the middleschool. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Atthe beginning of 1924, Dazhonghua Film Company was founded and theyput an advertisement on the newspaper, “Actresses wanted.” Theapplication letters with a photo must be sent to the newspaper's mailbox. Ten days later, they received about ten thousand female photos,but none of them were suitable. Then they found that a reporterworking there secretly opened all letters and hid whatever photos heliked. After negotiation, he returned ten photos. Zhang's photo wasone of them. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shewas chosen and acted in two silent films, successfully. In 1925 shewent to work for Mingxing Film Company. In 1926, the newspaper heldan activity to vote for movie queen. Twelve actresses joined in it.Zhang was the first by getting 2146 votes. So she was the first moviequeen in China.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shethen participated in parties of the upper social circle and became toknow Tang Jishan, a tea salesman. In 1927, she gave up her filmingand went with him to America to sell tea. Tang just wanted to use hertitle of movie queen as his spokeswoman to advertise his products.But he did not know that American people never heard of the moviequeen in China. So he failed and had to take her back to China. In1931, he deserted Zhang and lived together with another movie star. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Thencame the ages of sound film. As she could not speak mandarin, she hadseldom any contracts. In 1933, she tried to act in a sound film andin 1935, in another sound film called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]NewPeach Fan[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].But the audience did not acknowledge her success. She had to retirefrom filming circle again. In forties she got married and in fifties,she moved to live in Hong Kong till she died there. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
                1. [FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]Xuan Jinglin (first actress with a private car[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]andshowing her bare legs to the public in China)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]XuanJinglin[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](1904—01/22/1992) was born in Shanghai. Her father was a newspapervendor. She went to the school run by Moore Memorial Church inShanghai for free. As she could not stand the bully of the studentscoming from rich families, she gave up the schooling and went tolearn Peking opera, because her uncle was the accountant in atheater, where Peking operas were performed. When her parents andelder brother fell sick, she was sold to a brothel for money for herfamily when she was still young. In the brothel she met a young man,who loved her, but his parents would not let him marry a prostitute. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Therefore,she started to save money her patrons gave her as gifts to redeemherself from the brothel. The bawd found it and took all her savedmoney away. She could do nothing about it. A poor young girl. Bychance, she was found by the conductor of Mingxing Film Company. Theyhad a new screenplay called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]LastConsciousness[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].The girl was fit for the role. They could not find other girls fitfor it. Therefore, the company paid the money to the bawd for herredemption. She became a movie actress. That was in 1923. This moviewas on in 1925. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Thenshe acted for the role of a whore in another movie called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]AWoman in Shanghai[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which won her a great fame, as she acted from her won experience. Sheearned a lot of money and bought a car for herself. She was the firstwoman that had a car for her own use only. And she was also the firstwoman actress in China that showed her bare legs to the public. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Theyoung man still loved the girl, especially she was now a famous moviestar. Yet his parents rejected their marriage owing to the girl'swhore background. Therefore, the conductor of the film company wentto see the parents and persuaded them to accept the girl. Althoughthe parents agreed to their marriage, they had some conditions.Firstly, there was no wedding ceremony. Secondly, the girl could notlive in the house of the parents. The new couple had to rent aseparate house. But there were always rumors about movie stars. Andthe husband often suspected her of something. Finally they divorced. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shefilmed thirty-five movies. Another movie was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Thelady's Fan[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]in 1928. Then when she grew old and there appeared more youngerfemale actresses, she gradually faded from the screen. When CPC ruledover the mainland, Shanghai Film Factory was founded, and she wasinvited to act in the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Family[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]in 1956. She died in 1992 at the age of eighty-eight.[/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]80.Hu Die (first actress in China attending international film festivaland getting award)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]HuDie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](03/23/1908—04/23/1989)was born in Shanghai and when she was nine, the family moved to Canton. She went to Pooi To Middle School. In 1924, when she wassixteen, the family moved back to Shanghai. That year, the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]AnOrphan Rescues His Grandpa[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]was on. It touched audience, including the young Hu Die. So she sether heart on being an actress. She signed up as a candidate inShanghai China Film School, which was the first such a school inChina. She learned drama, film theory, and performing. She likedperforming, and next year she was given a role in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Exploits[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which was her first movie. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Sheacted in more than twenty movies with different film companies. Hermaster piece was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Twinsisters[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].She acted both sisters with different life experience, characters,and social status. It was so successful that it got the highest seatoccupancy rate at the time.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] WhenSeptember 18[/FONT][SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]th[/FONT][/SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Incidents took place, a misfortune befell Hu Die. At the time shewent with the filming crew to Peking. Coincidentally, the generalZhang Xueliang (see above) was also in Peking. That time, people innortheastern China were furious against the Japanese invaders. Totransfer the anger of the Chinese people from Japanese to someoneelse, Japanese news agency spread a rumor that on the night of theincidents, Zhang was dancing with Hu Die. According to logic, Zhangshould be fighting the invaders right on the night as northeasternChina was his defending area. The rumor meant that Zhang neglectedhis duties. So people turned against Zhang and against Hu Die, too.Although she made a declaration openly on newspapers, there werestill doubts. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] On the New Year'sDay of 1933, for the development of the filming business, the DailyStar of Shanghai proposed an activity to vote for female star queenagain. Hu Die won the title by getting 21334 votes. She won anotherstar queen title in 1934. In 1935, Russia held an international filmfestival in Moscow, Hu die was invited to attend. She was the onlyfemale movie star that was invited. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] InNovember of 1937, when Shanghai was occupied by the Japanese army,they took over the film company. So no film was made anymore. As thehusband of Hu Die was in Hong Kong, she went there to join herhusband. On the twenty-fifth of December in 1941, Japanese armyoccupied Hong Kong. In order to gain the support of Hong Kong people,especially of some famous people there, the Japanese asked Hu Die toact in the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]HuDie travels in Tokyo[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].However, Hu Die declined on the pretense that she was pregnant. Onthe twenty-fourth of November in 1942, Hu Die stole out of Hong Kongand went to Chongqing city, the temporary capital of the Chinesegovernment at the time. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Soonshe was under the control of Dai Li (05/28/1897—03/17/1946), thechief of the bureau of investigation and statistics of the militarycouncil of KMD. Dai always adored the beautiful movie star and wantedher to be his mistress. He even wanted to marry her. But he had anair crash in 1946. So she was free from him and went back to HongKong. She began to act in several films. In 1949, her husband died.Then she stopped filming for ten long years. In 1959, she recommencedto act in several films in Hong Kong or Taiwan. In 1960, on theSeventh Asian Film Festival held in Japan, she won the award of thebest actress in the movie called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Backdoor[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].She got the title of Asian star queen at the age of fifty-two. In1966, she retired from the screen and lived in Taiwan. In 1975, sheimmigrated to Vancouver in Canada, and died there in 1989. Her lastwords were, “The butterfly will fly away.” The pronunciation ofher name Hu Die literally meant Butterfly. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]81. Li Minghui (an actress inmovie and on stage)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Li Minghui(06/1909—12/09/2003) was born in Shanghai. Her father was a famouscomposer and founded a Song & Dance Ensemble. So as a child, shecould sing and dance. At the age of twelve, she began to step up onthe stage to sing and she had more than fifty gramophone records as asinger. Her master piece of songs was called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Drizzle[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]At the age ofthirteen, she got her first role, a supporting role, in a film. In1925, she got another supporting role. From 1925 to 1928, she actedmain roles in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]LittleFactory Owner[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]TransparentShanghai[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Women[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. Nine movies in all during that period of time. She also actedsome children's plays such as [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]GrapeFairy[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Sparrowand Kids[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. As she often acted the role of a young girl, she got he nickname“Little sister.”[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]In 1934, she married the famousfootball player at the time, who later went to Hong Kong to become abusinessman. In 1937, she founded a nursery in Shanghai. When herhusband died of liver cancer, she stopped acting career. In 1971, shewas assigned the work of the secretary to take care of the daily lifeof the old curator of history museum. She died in a nursing home inShanghai on the ninth of December in 2003. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]82.Xu Lai (an actress nicknamed Oriental Beauty)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]XuLai[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](1909—04/1973) was born in Shanghai in a poor family. Therefore,she had to work in an egg factory run by a British businessman at theage of thirteen. Later as her family became better financially, shewas able to attend school. At school, she was only a mediocre student, but began to like dancing. In 1927 when she was eighteen, sheentered the China Song & Dance college. After graduation, shejoined the China Song & Dance Ensemble, and married the founderof the ensemble, a Mr. Li. Then she headed the troupe to perform inCanton and Hong Kong. In 1928, the troupe went on the preforming tourabroad to Thailand, Singapore and Java, etc. Her great beauty andwisdom attracted large audience. She got the nickname “OrientalBeauty.” [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1933, she was invited to act in a silent film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]LateSpring[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].She acted the role of a romantic girl from a wealthy family. The girlwas known as a campus belle in the college. So many rich boys came tocourt her, but at last she made sacrifice for true love. There waseven a scene of her in the bath. At that time, such a scene causedsevere criticism from old prigs. Anyway, she became welcome andwell-known. She received so many letters from her fans that she hadhired a female secretary to help her to handle the letters. She wasthe first movie star in China that had a secretary. In 1935, sheacted in the film called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]BoatGirl[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].That year, another famous movie star committed suicide. She was soshocked that she gave up filming for ever. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Then she gotacquainted with a man Tang. She divorced Li and married Tang. She andTang lived in Shanghai till 1949. During their stay, Shanghai wascontrolled by Japan. Tang came from a family of big landlord andspent money freely. He moved among those Chinese pro to the Japanese.So Tang was deemed as a traitor to Chinese people. But after thesurrender of Japan, he revealed his true identity as a secret agentfrom KMD. So he was a patriot instead of a traitor. In 1949, theymoved to Hong Kong. In 1950, Tang went to join the CPC's army andbecame a general. Tang and the army went south to fight with KMD'sarmy. In 1956, he went to Beijing to work there. So Xu Lai went tolive there. In the so-called great cultural revolution, she and herhusband were put in jail. It was because when she was in Shanghai asan actress, she knew a lot of the scandals of Jiang Qing, Mao's wife.Almost all actors and actresses who had been in Shanghai at the timewere persecuted. Xu was tormented in prison and she died in April of1973 at the age of sixty-four. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]83.Yuan Lingyu (died early and had largest funeral internationally)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]YuanLingyu[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](04/26/1910—03/08/1935) was born in Shanghai. She reached thehighest level of acting arts in the time of silent films. Her fatherdied when she was only six years old. She lived with her mother. Atthe age of eight, she entered Shanghai [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Shung[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Tak Female School. She was clever and studied hard. She was one ofthe best students so that she was often chosen to attend singing anddancing performances. She thus developed her interest in acting.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1926 when she was sixteen, she was admitted to Shanghai Mingxing FilmCompany and began her filming career. Her maiden movie was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]CouplesOnly in Name[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and others. In 1928, she went to work with another film company andacted in six movies. In 1930, she worked for still another filmcompany. She had the main role in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ThreeModern Females[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].She acted in twenty-nine movies all her short life. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] On the eighth ofMarch in 1935, at the age of twenty-five, she made suicide by takingtoo much sleeping pills. The reason for it was that her husband oftenill-treated, even beat her. She could not endure it any more. Whenthe husband found her taking too much sleeping pills, he did not sendher to the nearest hospital for treatment immediately, he was firstconsidering whether her suicide would harm his reputation. So he tookher to a Japanese hospital far from home. But this hospital did nothave emergency room. He then took her to a private clinic of hisfriend's. But this clinic could not do it. Finally he took her to abig hospital at eleven in the next morning after so many hours. Herlife was not saved. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Her early sad deathshocked Shanghai and her fans when newspapers reported it. At thefuneral ceremony, even three of her fans made suicide on spot. Theyleft their will, saying that when Yuan was gone, there was no reasonfor the trio to live in this world. Three hundred thousand peopleattended her funeral and the procession lasted three li (one and half akilometer). Next day, the New York Times had the headline like this“The recent largest funeral internationally.” [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]84.Jiang Qing (Mao's fourth wife)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]JiangQing (03/05/1914—05/14/1991)[/FONT] was born in Zhu Town ofShandong province. Her original name was Li Yunhe. Her father LiDewen opened a carpentry shop. Her mother was his concubine, who hadbeen a maidservant. (She might be hired by Kang Sheng, later acommunist party member in YanAn.) In the summer of 1921, Jiang Qingstudied in a primary school, but in 1926, was expelled by the school.Her father died of some disease in the same year and her mother tookher to live with her brother-in-law in Tianjin city, who was anofficer in the army of the warlord Zhang Zuolin(03/19/1875—06/04/1928), who ruled the northeastern China. JiangQing had worked for three months as a child laborer in the factory ofBritish-American Tobacco Co., Ltd.
In 1928, the troop ofthe brother-in-law moved to somewhere else, and her mother took herto live with her cousin in JiNan city of Shandong province. In springof 1929, when she was fifteen years old, she learned to be an actressin a theater in the city. In May of 1931, she married a man from awealthy family, but got divorced in July. Then she went to Qingdaocity, close to the East Sea. From July of 1931 to April of 1933, sheworked in a library there.
But in February of 1932,at the age of eighteen, she lived with (not married to) Yu Qiwei,three years older than she. He was a university student, majoring inbiography, who was also the leader of the propaganda department ofthe communist party there, and had contact with those in the circleof so-called communist culture. She had acted a one-scene play namedPut down your whip, which could be performed in the street inprotest to the Japanese aggression. In February of 1933, she tookoath and joined the communist party through Yu Qiwei in a warehousein Qingdao city.
In April, Yu wasarrested and she ran away to Shanghai. In May of 1933, she attendedThe Great China University as an auditor student. In July she workedas a music teacher in a primary school in the western suburb ofShanghai, and acted in some amateur plays after work. [FONT=Times New Roman, serif]In[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]September of 1934, she was arrested, but in February, 1935, she wasreleased and went to Peking to live with Yu Qiwei again, who had beenreleased, too. But in March, she returned to Shanghai to join theDiantong Film Company, using her stage name Lanping. She acted theheroine in the play [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Nara,[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]and got good comments. Afterwards, she played some roles in twomovies. In September, she lived with Tanner, a movie commenter. InApril of 1936, she married Tanner. The ceremony was held togetherwith other two couples, before Liuhe Pagoda in Hangzhou city in themoonlight. A romantic ritual. As she still kept in touch with YuQiwei, in July, Tanner could not bear it and committed suicide invain. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] ThenShe went back to Shanghai and joined the Lianhua Film Company. Shehad a role in the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Bloodon Wolf Mountain.[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]In February of 1937, she acted in the drama [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Thunderstorm[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].On the thirtieth day of May, Tanner attempted the second suicide, butstill of no avail. Afterwards he went to France and lived thereforever. In July of 1937, as the Anti-Japanese War broke out, sheleft Shanghai, and in August, she arrived in[/FONT]YanAn and changed her name to Jiang Qing. In November, she wasenrolled in the Anti-Japanese Military and Political University.
On the tenth day ofApril in 1938, the Lu Xun Arts College was founded and she wasappointed the instructor of the drama department. She acted in twodramas, and in August, acted in a Peking opera. Her efforts wereappreciated and soon afterwards, she was promoted to be the secretaryin the office of the military committee, close to Mao now. It wassaid that she often went to see Mao and asked for instructions fromhim. The intimacy changed their relationship and soon she lived withMao, in place of his current wife He Zizhen, who was studying inMoscow, Soviet Union, at the time. In 1939, she married Mao. But atthe time, she had not been divorced to Tanner yet and Mao had notbeen divorced to He Zizhen yet. Both committed bigamy.
Therefore, quite a fewcommunist party leaders opposed the marriage. Zhang Wentian was thechief opposer, who maintained his opinion that He Zizhen was a goodcomrade and must be respected as a legal wife. Besides, She had beenhurt in the long march and could not be ignored like this. WangShiying had been in Shanghai and knew all the love affairs of JiangQing, which were really scandals. And as the chief leader of thecommunist party, Mao should not marry a woman with such scandals. Sohe wrote a letter about the scandals. He asked Nan Hanchen to signthe letter, too, who also worked in Shanghai and knew all these.(both were persecuted to death by Jiang Qing in the culturalrevolution.) Only Kang Sheng (1898—1975) supported their marriage.
Then the communist partyhad a meeting and put up three conditions: 1) Jiang Qing should notinterfere with political affairs; 2) Jiang Qing could not take anyoffice inside or outside the communist party; 3) Jiang Qing's maintask was to look after Mao in his health and personal life.
When CPC reigned themainland, she was a member of National Movie Advisory committee andthe head of movie bureau of the propaganda department of the centralcommittee of CPC. In 1963, under Mao's secret instruction, she raisedup the leftist thinking in name of Beijing opera revolution as shehad learned how to play Beijing opera. She created eight so-calledmodel Beijing operas. All the old things and classics were forbidden.
In May of 1966, she wasappointed the vice leader of central cultural revolution group, andthen the proxy leader. At the ninth and tenth national CPCconference, she was appointed a member of the central politicalbureau of CPC. She instigated the red guards to criticize many oldCPC cadres. She secretly instructed her followers to persecute actorsand actresses, who knew her scandals in Shanghai and most of whomwere tortured to death. In 1971, after the Lin Biao's Incident, sheand Wang Hongwen, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan formed the so-calledgang of four. They wanted to seize the power out of the remaining oldcadres and ruled China all by themselves. But they failed with thedeath of Mao.
On the sixth day ofOctober in 1976, the gang of four were respectively arrested. In Julyof 1977, she was expelled from CPC at a CPC central meeting. Duringthe period from the twentieth day of November in 1980 to thetwenty-fifth day of January in 1981, the gang of four respectivelygot verdicts. Jiang Qing was sentenced to death, but got two years'probation. Then the sentence was reduced for life. On the fourteenthday of May in 1991, during her release on medical parole, she madeher suicide.
[FONT=PMingLiU, serif] JiangQing had a daughter with Mao, born in 1940 and called Li Na, who isalive now in her retirement.[/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]85.Wang Renmei (an actress nicknamed [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]TheWildcat of Shanghai)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]WangRenmei (12/24/1914—04/12/1987) was born in Changsha town of HuNanprovince in a teacher's family. Her father was a mathematics teacherin the First Normal School of the province. Even Mao Zedong had beenhis student. So the girl had good education since childhood. She hadbrothers and sisters, seven in all, including herself, the youngestsister. Her mother died of stroke when she was only seven and in aprimary school. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1926, she graduated from the primary school, and was admitted to theFirst Female Normal School of the province. She liked mathematics andwanted to be a mathematics teacher like her father. On the nineteenthof September in the same year, her father was stung by wasps and diedfrom it. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Hereldest brother had been to Germany for university, known Zhou Enlaithere. But when he returned, he died of some sort of disease. In1927, after the death of her father and mother, her family membersscattered and she went with her two brothers to Wuxi city, where thefamily of the wife of her second brother lived. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Atthe beginning of 1928, her two brothers took her to Shanghai. She andher third brother entered the Methodist Girls' School, where shelearned singing and dancing while her brother learned mandolin. Asher second brother knew the founder of the Mingyue Singing &Dancing Troupe, the trio soon worked for it. She was the singer anddancer. Her third brother played mandolin and her second brother wasin charge of costumes and the arrangement of the scenes. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] InMay of 1928, the troupe made a tour around East Asia, to Singapore,[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]KualaLumpur, Penang, Bangkok, Malacca[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],Jakarta, and Sumatera, and other cities. In 1929, the troupe wasdismissed. She went back to Shanghai and learned English for a yearin a school. While she was learning English, she rehearsed achildren's play called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]LittlePainter[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which was a success. Therefore, the school hired her as a singingteacher and she then got pay. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1931, she became a movie actress. She played the main role in themovie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]WildRoses[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].In 1934, she acted in the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Songsof Fishermen[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which continued to show in cinemas for eighty-four days, the longestperiod among all movies shown. It attracted a million of audience,and in 1935, she won the Honorary Award of the international filmfestival held in Moscow, Soviet Union. It was the first award for aChinese movie star to have won. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Anyway,in spite of the great success, the company discontinued her contractbecause they thought that a married woman would lose her attractionto the audience. However, she did marry the actor, who was the mainmale character in this movie. In 1937, when Japanese army occupiedShanghai, the Japanese wanted her husband to make a movie for them,but he declined. In autumn of 1938, with the help of friends, thecouple escaped to Hong Kong. In 1939, the couple were invited to actin the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Wingsof China[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and they accepted. This movie described the development of the airforce of China. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Whenthe Japanese took Hong Kong, they escaped to Chongqing city, thetemporary capital of the Chinese government. Then the couple oftenlived separately. At the end of 1943, the husband went to Chengducity and in 1944, invited by the Roc Drama Club, she went to Kunmingcity to act the drama [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Peacock[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].Soon the club was dismissed. To make her living, she had to work as atypist in the supplies department of the American military basethere. The husband could not bear the separation, and so theydivorced in 1945. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Afterthe surrender of Japan, she returned to Shanghai, and then moved toHong Kong. In 1950, she came back to Shanghai again under theinfluence of the propaganda of CPC. But in 1952, when CPC waged therectification movement in the film circle, she was slandered to havethe intercourse with KMD spy head Dai Li. She was almost insane andwas sent to an asylum. Then her second sister took her to Beijing andshe was by degrees recovered. Then she was assigned to work inBeijing Film Factory. In 1955, through the introduction of friends,she married a painter. They often quarreled owing to differentcharacters. However, they maintained the marriage till her death. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1957 during the anti-rightist movement, she was sick again and herhusband sent her to an asylum again. Anyway, she handed in herapplications for joining CPC. During the cultural revolution, she wassent to labor in the countryside. And her husband was put in jail asa KMD spy for seven years. In 1979, she was redressed and herapplication to join CPC was approved. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1980, she got a stroke and paralyzed on bed. In 1986, she got strokeonce more and became human vegetable. On the twelfth of April in1987, she died in Beijing at the age of seventy-three. In 2003, shewas chosen by the film Acting Arts Academy of China to be one of theone-hundred excellent movie stars in the one-hundred years in China.In 2013, Prof. Richard J. Meyer of Seattle University wrote a bookabout her, titled [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]WangRenmei: The Wildcat of Shanghai [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]publishedby the press of The Chinese University of Hong Kong.[/FONT]
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]86. Chen Yanyan(an actress nicknamed Queen of Tragedies)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ChenYanyan (01/12/1916—05/07/1999) was the daughter of a mandarin, bornin Ningpo town of Zhejiang province adjacent to the East Sea. Soonher family moved to Peking. She went to the [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Moira[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]House Girls School. In 1930 when she was fourteen, she began to likefilming. After school, she often went to see film shooting of outdoorscenes by any film companies. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Oncewhen the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]SpringDream of Old Capital[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]was in shooting process, she went to the conductor and recommendedherself. As she was pretty and lovely, the conductor let her play aside role. She must wear long fur coat and high-heeled shoes,flirting with a bodyguard of some officer. She was only fourteen, andhad no such experience. She failed the performance. The part of thefilm was cut off. Anyway, she was a potential movie star. Theconductor went to her home to talk with her parents. As shepersevered in her wish to be an actress, her mother agreed first.Originally her father did not like his daughter to be an actress. Atlast, he yielded to the mother. So the mother accompanied her toShanghai. Thus she started her filming career. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Atfirst she worked as a trainee, and sometimes helped in the darkroom.Then she played some side roles. Gradually her performing ability wasacknowledged in the film circle. She acted in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Maternallight[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ThreeModern Ladies[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. She was apt to play young girls. So she had the nickname: LittlePretty Bird. In 1936, she acted in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]New& Old Times[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. In 1938, she filmed [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Storyof Lute[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. In 1942, she acted in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]MadameButterfly[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. When she reached mid-age, she acted some tragic roles and wasnicknamed Queen of Tragedies. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] She got married tothe cameraman of the company in 1937 and bore a daughter for him. Butsoon there was a conflict between them and finally they divorced.Afterwards, she married Wang Hao, an actor. In 1949, they moved toHong Kong. In 1952, they founded a film company of their own. Theyshot outside scenes in Hong Kong or Taiwan. When the husband betrayedher, they divorced. And she lived single ever since. She stoppedacting in 1972. And in 1993, she was conferred the Memorial Award ofthe Golden Horse Awards. She died on the seventh of May in 1999 atthe age of eighty-three.[/FONT]
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]87. Gong Qiuxia(a famous actress and singer with silver voice)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]GongQiuxia (12/04/1916—09/07/2004) was born in Chongming town ofJiangsu province, which is now part of Shanghai. She was known tohave the silver voice. In 1930, she was a student in Renshan GirlsSchool in Shanghai, and at the same time she was admitted in atraining class for singing and dancing. In 1933, she joined ShanghaiPlum Singing & Dancing Ensemble. During that time, she acted indrama and operas, such as [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ImperialConcubine Yang[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Backstage[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. But she soon felt that it was not a regular acting troupe, andso she left it. Then the troupe was dismissed.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1936, she had a part in the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Parentsand Offspring[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].It was her first movie. She married the conductor. In 1937, she actedin [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]NewYear's Money[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],for which she won great fame. Every New Year's Day in China, parentswould give children money put in a red envelope, meaning good luckfor the whole year. Another famous movie for her was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]StrangeCase in an Ancient Pagoda[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].She also sang the theme song of the movie herself. Then she sangtheme songs for other movies. Those songs soon became popular. Shehad a contract with a gramophone company to make records. She wasboth the singer and actress. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] InMay of 1945, she held a personal concert to sing most of all thepopular theme songs she had sung in movies in Lyceum Theater,Shanghai. After 1949, she acted in more than sixty movies, such as[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]FlowerStreet[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]HarvestMoon[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Thunder[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ThreeSmiles[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. She played the role of a good wife. After 1956, she had no moregramophone records made. In 1967, she and her husband moved to livein Taiwan. The last movie she acted in 1980 was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Rouge[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].In 1993, she attended the International Film Festival in Shanghai. Onthe seventh of September in 2004, she died of heat disease in HongKong at the age of eighty-seven.[/FONT]
 

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88. Yuan Meiyun (firstactress in China acting a boy)
YuanMeiyun[FONT=Times New Roman, serif][/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]1917—02/19/1999[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif][/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]wasborn in Hangzhou city of Zhejiang province. She began to learn Pekingopera at six and acted on the stage at nine. When her father died,her mother, for five hundred yuan, let her daughter of ten learnacting further from an expert in that field. Her performance wasapplauded by audience, which attracted the attention of a movieconductor. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1932, at the age of fifteen, she acted in the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]LittleActress[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].The heroine in the film had almost the same experience as she, and soshe acted the role like living her own life. The film was a greatsuccess. She was then nicknamed Little Actress. In 1933, after shefinished some more films, she took the main role in a film shootingan Peking opera. As she learned Peking opera as a little girl, herperformance in that movie was excellent. Then in the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]DisguisedGirl[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],she acted a boy, which was a comedy. The movie was welcomed by theaudience. Therefore, it became a serial. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1937 when Shanghai was occupied by the Japanese, she filmed [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]TheLady of the Camellias[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Sunrise[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Lady'sFan[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. In 1938, she went to Hong Kong and filmed [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]FemaleMaster[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]there. In 1944, she acted the hero, not the heroine, in the [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]RedChamber Dream. [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Onceshe had an accident. At that time, all the film studio in China hadan underground level like basement. When it was night and she went toher dressing room to change. She missed a step and got the fall. Sherolled through the staircase into the basement and fainted. Luckilyshe only hurt her knees as there were wooden chips and nails. Whenthe film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]RedChamber Dream[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]finished, she gained a bit weight and did not look so good on thescreen as before. Her health got poor and she stopped acting in 1948.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1938, she andher husband joined the same film company and they began to like eachother. Afterwards, her husband turned to be the conductor. When shestopped filming, she helped her husband to make the films. Theyreturned to the mainland in the eighties and lived a retired lifethere till their last days. [/FONT]
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]89. Bai Hong (thefirst singer queen in China)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Bai Hong(02/24/1919—05/28/1992) was born in Peking in a mandarin family. Atthe beginning of 1931, Shanghai Mingyue Singing & DancingEnsemble came to Peking to enroll singers and dancers. At the timeshe was twelve, lovely with white skin. She was accepted and went toShanghai with the ensemble. Thus she began her career. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Atfirst she acted operas on stage, such as [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ThreeButterflies[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]GrapeFairy[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]LittlePainter[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. Her acting ability was acknowledged. In 1932, her first song wasrecorded for the gramophone, and through 1933, she already producedmany gramophone records. Then the ensemble put an advertisement tointroduce her, which made her popular. At that time, many famoussingers sang their favorite songs on radios. They earned income fromthe radio broadcast with business advertisements. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1934, thenewspaper Grand Evening Post in Shanghai held a competition forfemale radio singers. They would put the information on theirnewspaper for which singer, at what time, on which radio and whatsong she would sing. Audience could listen to whichever singer theyliked and then voted for her. The competition began on thetwenty-sixth of May and ended on the fourteenth of June. The resultwas that Bai Hong was voted the first with 9103 votes and Zhou Xuanwas the second with 8876 votes. Their photos appeared separately onthe cover of Singer Illustrated Magazine, which was first publishedin August of 1935. She was the first singer queen in China. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1934, she acted in the musical film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]FairyMaidens[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]and also sang the theme song. In April of 1936, the Mingyue Singing &Dancing Ensemble held a performance for their fifteenth anniversaryin Jincheng Theater. The five-scene opera [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]FairyMaidens[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]was performed. More than sixty famous actors and actresses joined theperformance with Bai Hong as the heroine. It was a great success.Afterwards, they went to perform in Nanking city and every night wasfull house. In July of 1936, the troupe had a tour in the south Asiafor one year and returned to Shanghai next July. In 1938, dramaacting became popular in Shanghai. She acted the main character in[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Thunder[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and then in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Sunrise[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Between1938 and 1940, she filmed [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Lady'sFan[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ThreeMusketeers[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]EmpressWu the Great[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc., and also sang the theme songs. From the thirty-first ofDecember in 1940 to the fourth of January in 1941, she performed theEuropean-styled opera [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Songof the Earth[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which described the rebellion of the villagers in the south of theYangtze River, and which hinted that the Chinese people rose againstthe Japanese. Therefore, it was forced to stop.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Inlate 1942, they rehearsed the three-scene opera [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Songof the Fashion[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].Round the Chinese New Year in 1943, the opera was shown in MajesticTheater. But as she was exhausted in the rehearsals, once she faintedon the stage. The performance ceased. She was sick for some time. InDecember of 1944, she held her own concert in Suzhou city. Then twodays in January of 1945, she gave her solo concert in Lyceum Theatern Shanghai. The songs she sang were [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]AveMaria[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]by Schubert, [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]MerryWidow Waltz[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Carmen[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and many Chinese popular tunes. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1936, she married a composer, who was more than ten years older thanshe, and they had four children. After the surrender of Japan, formost of her time, she sang on the stage, and her husband was theconductor of the orchestra. But on the twenty-fourth of January in1950, they declared divorce. Then she went to live in Beijing. InAugust that year, she married an actor. Afterwards, she joined amilitary ensemble as an actress. She acted the dramas [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Sunrise[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Mother[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] During the culturalrevolution, she was persecuted and put in prison as she had known thescandals of Jiang Qing when in Shanghai. Luckily she survived. Sheretired in 1979. But not long after, she was diagnosed to suffer fromcancer and died on the twenty-eighth of May in 1992 at the age ofseventy-two. [/FONT]
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]90. Chen Yunshang(Film Queen of China)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ChenYunshang (08/10/1919—06/30/2016) was born in Hong Kong, but herfamily moved to Canton when she was a little child. She had anEnglish name: Nancy Chan. Since a child she learned mandarin, Pekingopera, and Canton opera, which means to use Canton dialect in thedialogue. She was beautiful, and could sing and dance. In 1933, atthe age of fourteen, she joined a film company. In 1936, she wasinvited to Hong Kong to act in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]TheNew Youth[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which earned her popularity. In the subsequent four years, she hadmore than twenty films made in the dialect of Cantonese. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1938, she was invited to Shanghai to act the role of Mulan in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]MulanJoins the Army[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],in the language of mandarin, which also became popular and for whichshe won the Film Queen of China held the third time in Shanghai.During the next five years, she had more than twenty films made inmandarin. In ten years she had fifty-seven films in all. Anastonishing number.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1945, shemarried a practitioner in Hong Kong, Therefore, she retired from thescreen and set her heart on looking after her husband and family. Sheseldom participated in social activities. She lived peacefully inHong Kong till her death on the thirtieth of June in 2016 at home atthe age of ninety-six. [/FONT]
 

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91.Yin Guifang (a famous actress of Shaoxing opera)
YinGuifang (12/01/1919—03/01/2000) was born in a poor family. Herfather died when she was only seven. She was a famous actress ofShaoxing opera or Yue opera, like Beijing opera. Shaoxing is a townin Zhejiang province, which has a simplified name Yue. There are manylocal operas in China. Beijing opera is only one of them. In everyopera, the actors and actresses sing in different dialects. Thedialogue or words of songs in Beijing opera are said or sung inmandarin. Those of Shaoxing opera are said or sung in Shaoxingdialect.
Yinalways acted the main male character. In Shaoxing opera, onlyactresses perform. No actors traditionally. So the male characterswere played by actresses attired like actors, yet in female voices.Nowadays, Shaoxing opera had a little reform. Actors were trained toplay male roles.
Atthe age of ten, she began to learn the acting of Shaoxing opera inSheng town in Zhejiang province, which was deemed the “homeland”of Shaoxing opera. In 1933, she went with her troupe on a performingtour to Shaoxing, Ninpo, and Hangzhou, and some other towns. At theend of 1934, another troupe needed an actress to play as an actor.Therefore, she was invited to go there. Thus she became famous.
In1938, she came to Shanghai and soon in 1940, she became the chiefactress in the troupe. Generally the performance of Shaoxing operawas about old stories, that is to say, the costumes were of the oldstyles like people wore in the ancient China. In 1942, despite theopposition of the owner of the theater, she insisted in playingmodern stories, that is to say, the actresses wore modern costumes,like people in the forties of the nineteenth century wore. The ownerobjected to it because he was afraid that the change might affect hisbox office earnings. Anyway, the new opera Gold and Beauty wason in June, which was welcomed by the audience. The new notion was asuccess.
Inspring of 1945, she invited some play writers to write new operas,such as Desert Prince, and The Love's Dream, etc.However, at the same time, they also acted some old operas like Baoyuand Daiyu, both were the names of the hero and heroine in thewell-known novel Red Chamber Dream. They did this to meet thewish of part of the audience who liked to watch old stories. In 1946,she and her partner founded their own troupe. Besides the formeroperas, they had a new opera Begonias, which was the nicknameof an actor in the opera. It was a tragedy.
In1947, when another famous actress of Shaoxing opera want to havebenefit performance for the people in some disastrous regions, shesupported the action and gave up her own plan to make a film. In1948, she was voted to be the “Emperor of Yue Opera” because sheacted the male role. In 1952, she performed The Tale of WestChamber and The Tale of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai,another tragedy. In 1954, there was a joint performance for manylocal operas. Their opera Qu Yuan won the first prize for theplay, the acting, and the music. The Character Qu Yuan was apatriotic poet as well as a high-rank official in Chu state in thefirst warring period (770—221 BC). In 1955, she was selected as theso-called people's representative of Shanghai municipal conference.
In1959, her troupe was relocated to Fuzhou town in Fujian provinceacross to Taiwan, and she was chosen to be the people'srepresentative of the town's conference. In 1960, she was accepted tobe a member of CPC. During the cultural revolution, she was beaten bythe local red guards and became handicapped. One of her legs and oneof her arms were paralyzed as her spine was damaged. In 1978, afterthe arrest of the gang of four, she was rewarded with a lot oftitles: member of national literary federation, vice chairwoman ofFujian branch of national dramatist association of China, and memberof Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) inFujian province. In 1979, though paralyzed, she went to Shanghai tohold her solo concert, helped by Shaoxing Opera theater of Shanghaiand the Academy of Arts of China. In the concert, she sang somefamous pieces of her tune in her opera Memory of My Country.In 1986, they held the celebration of their fortieth anniversary oftheir troupe. From the tenth to the seventeenth of December in 1990,the troupe went to perform in Hong Kong. On the first of March in2000, she died, leaving her arts of Shaoxing opera for her disciplesto inherit.
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]92.Zhou Xuan (a movie star and singer with golden voice)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ZhouXuan (08/01/1920—09/22/1957) was born in Changzhou town of Jiangsuprovince. She was the second child of the eight sisters and brothers.In 1923, she was kidnapped by her uncle, who liked to smoke opium.The uncle gave her to a Wang family in another town for the exchangeof some money. When Wang couple divorced, they gave her to a Zhoufamily in Shanghai, which gave her the chance to be a movie star. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Sheliked to sing, and at school, her grade in the singing class wasalways the first. In 1928, the family was broke and the adoptivefather wanted to sell her to a brothel, but her adoptive motherstrongly objected to it. In 1931, she joined the Mingyue Singing &Dancing Ensemble. In 1932, she acted the main role in the musicaldrama [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ExpressTrain[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]on stage, and sang the theme song, which became popular and was madein the gramophone record. In the same year, she performed in anothermusical drama. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Atthe beginning of 1934, after her performance on stage for some time,she was invited to sing on radio. Then she was the second in theradio singer competition and got the nickname golden voice. In 1935,she was invited to act in her first film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Childrenof Trouble Time[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].Only she had a side role. But it was the first step for her to enterthe film circle. In 1936 she acted the main role in four films.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1937, she acted in the musical film for some business advertisement,which was not so welcome as others, but the theme song [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]WhenWill You Come Again[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]was very popular. Almost all people in Shanghai knew it and therecords sold well. Her most popular film was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]StreetAngel[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],in which two theme songs were especially welcomed by the public. Theywere [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]WanderingSongstress[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Songof four Seasons[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].Afterwards, she joined the performing tour in Hong Kong andPhilippines. She returned with the troupe in the summer of 1938. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] InFebruary of 1940, she took the part of the heroine in the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]DongXiaowan[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](see above), who was a famous prostitute at the end of Ming dynasty.In June of the same year, she acted in the famous love comedy [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ThreeSmiles[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and in December, she acted in the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Taleof the West Chamber[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]. In 1941, Shanghai Daily held an activity to vote for film queen.She was voted to be the film queen, but she refused to take thetitle, because she thought that too much honor was not a good thing.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] InJune of 1944, she accepted the role of the heroine in the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]RedChamber Dream[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]. It was the first Chinese film that was introduced to Japan. In Marchof 1945, she began to act in the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Phoenixon the Wing[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].And in May of the same year, she gave her solo concert for three daysin Jindu Theater in Shanghai, singing all her popular songs. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Inwinter of 1946, she was invited to fly to Hong Kong and in Januarynext year she began to shoot her first film in Hong Kong. Her themesong [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Nightof Shanghai[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]became a popular song ever since. In the same year, she shot anotherfilm, in which she played two different roles: a village girl, kindand naive; a Hong Kong girl, naughty and haughty. In 1948, she actedin the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Secretsof Qing Palace[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which was another of her master pieces and which attractedinternational attention for a Chinese female movie star. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shereturned to Shanghai from Hong Kong in 1950. And in January of 1951,she was invited to play the main role in the film [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Doveof Peace[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],but during the shooting, she fell sick and was diagnosed of some kindof nerve disease. She was sent to a nursing home. In July of 1957,she got meningitis and was sent to the hospital. She died of thatdisease on the twenty-second of September. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Inautumn of 1936, she got engagement with a composer and married him onthe tenth of July in 1938. The marriage lasted for three years. Theneach suspected the other of having affairs with someone else. After aseries of quarrels, Zhou Xuan left home and they got divorced in1941. Then she lived together with a cloth businessman without aformal marriage. She had two sons with him. Then it was rumored thatthe man cheated her out of her money. So in 1950, she made opendeclaration to stop living together with him. Then she knew apainting teacher. But when she prepared to marry him in May of 1952,the teacher was arrested for cheating and sentenced for three years'service. She lived alone till her death. [/FONT]
 

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[FONT=PMingLiU, serif]93. Shangguan Yunzhu (afamous actress, also Mao's mistress)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, serif]Shangguan(double surname) Yunzhu [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](03/02/1920—11/23/1968)was born in a small town in Jiangsu province. In 1936, she married apainting teacher, a Mr. Zhang, and next year, she went to Shanghaiwith Zhang. At first she worked in a photo gallery. In 1940, she wasadmitted into a drama school to learn acting. In 1941, she firstappeared on stage in the drama [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Thunder[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]and was a success. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shegot divorced with Zhang, with whom she had a son. Then she married agraduate from Yale and bore a daughter in 1944 for him. But shedivorced him in 1946. She turned to be a film actress and acted inthe following films: [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]AnIllusion of Paradise[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Ariver of Spring Water flows East[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Hopein the World[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Crowand Sparrow[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] After1949, she worked in Shanghai Film Factory and acted in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]EarlySpring[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]StageDoor Johnny[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. In 1951, she married the manager of Lyceum Theater and bore ason for him. But they divorced in 1952. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Inthe fifties, when Mao came to Shanghai, the mayor Ke arranged her tomeet Mao in Jinjiang Hotel. It was said by one of her best friendsthat when Mao received her, Mao was just putting on a sleeping robe.Mao showed her a slip of note paper, saying that since olden timeheroes love beauties. He (Mao) was a hero and she (Shangguan) was abeauty. Afterwards she gave her friend this note to keep for her. Forseveral years she became Mao's secret mistress. Whenever Mao came toShanghai, she would be summoned to see him. She had once been takento Beijing, to where Mao lived—ZhongNanHai. Then Mao's liking ofher faded. He got younger girls. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Duringthe cultural revolution, she was persecuted by Jiang Qing, Mao'swife, who ordered to organize a special investigating team to dealwith her. They wanted her to confess what she did when she was withMao. She said what she could and refused to say what she could not.So this was not satisfactory and she was tormented. Finally she madesuicide by jumping down from a high building at three a.m., on thetwenty-third of November in 1968 at the age of forty-eight. It wasreported in the official record. But the truth was later known thatshe was thrown down by the team from the high building. At that time,she was surely confined in a room in that high building as always insuch cases. There was someone watching over her. How could she jumpout? [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=PMingLiU, serif]94. Bai Yang(international movie award winner)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, serif]BaiYang[/FONT][FONT=PMingLiU, serif][/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](04/22/1920—09/18/1996)was born in Peking. In 1931 at the age of eleven, she started tolearn acting in a film company. In 1934 she joined a touring troupe.Her career thus began. In 1936, her first film was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Crossroads[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],which brought her popularity. She was even known internationally. [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]TheTimes[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]in England said that she was the Chinese Greta Garbo.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Duringthe Anti-Japanese war she was in Chongqing city, the temporarycapital of the Chinese government since the capital Nanking city wasoccupied by the Japanese. She acted in a few films such as [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Wingsof China[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc., and performed some dramas on the stage such as [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Sunrise[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif],etc. In 1946 after the surrender of Japan, she went to Shanghai andhad two famous films made: [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]EightThousand Li of Cloud and Moon[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ARiver of Spring Water Flows East[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] After1949, she worked in Shanghai Film Factory first as actress and thenas conductor. She was also the vice director of Arts Committee andvice chairwomen of China Film Association. In 1960s, she acted inseveral films, one of which was [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Blessing[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].For her acting of the heroine in the film, she was conferred thespecial award of the tenth Karlovy Vary International Film Festival.She also published some books about film acting and skills. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Duringthe cultural revolution, she was beaten by red guards severely. Shewas put in prison for five years. In 1971, she ended the dark prisonlife, but was sent to labor in the countryside. She was redressed in1977. She wrote an article about her sad experience, which waspublished in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]PeopleDaily[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].In 1980s, she played the role of Soong Qinglin (see above) in a TVserial film like soap opera. She died on the eighteenth of Septemberin 1996 at the age of seventy-six.[/FONT]
 

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95.Hongxiannuu (a famous actress of Canton opera)
Hongxiannu(12/27/1924—12/08/2013) was the nickname of Kuang Jianlian and wasborn in Canton. Her nickname literally meant “Red thread Woman.”She was a famous actress of Canton opera. When she was eight, shelearned to sing Canton opera by following the gramophone records. In1938, as the Japanese invaders came into China, she went with hermother to Hong Kong via Macao. In spring of 1939, she began to takesome assisting parts on the stage like maids. In 1940, she joined thetroupe founded by her maternal aunt and got the present nickname. In1941, she went with the troupe to Shanghai. At the end of that year,the Japanese army occupied Hong Kong. The troupe went to perform inthe regions that were still under the control of the Chinesegovernment. She married in 1944 and had two sons and a daughter. Thehusband was much older than she.
Afterthe surrender of Japan, she returned to Hong Kong to learn Beijingopera for three years. Afterwards she performed on the stage MadamaButterfly, etc. In 1946 in Hong Kong, she acted the successfulopera Hidden Desire, a full house everyday for a month. Nextyear this opera was turned into a screenplay and made on a film. Atthe beginning of 1950, she founded the Red Star Troupe and acted inthe Tears of Pearl River. In 1952, the opera Wang Zhaojun(the second beauty, see above) was on. She also tried to turnShakespeare's plays into Canton operas.
In1955, she was divorced, and in the same year, she was invited byPremier Zhou to the mianland, and in 1965, she was invited as a VIPto attend the national ceremony for the seventh anniversary of theestablishment of the People's Republic of China. In 1957, she camefrom Hong Kong to Canton to work for Guangdong Canton Opera Troupe.
Duringthe cultural revolution, she and her family were persecuted. Half ofher hair was shaved, a sign of insult. She was called by the redguards as the Black Thread Woman. In 1967, she was sent to labor on atea farm. In 1970, Premier Zhou came to Canton for an internationalconference, and she was allowed to act for the foreign visitors. In1975, she married a writer. The husband died of cancer ten yearslater. During his stay in the hospital, she went there almosteveryday to look after him.
Herdaughter Hong Hong was also an actress of Canton opera. Disgusting ofthe tyranny of CPC, in March of 1984 when she went with the troupe toHong Kong, she disappeared. Half a year later, on the ninth ofOctober, she appeared in Taiwan and held a press conference, sayingthat she desired freedom and so left the mainland. Afterwards sheimmigrated to Canada. It was said that she had secretly gone back tosee her mother before the mother died of m[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]yocardialinfarction on the eighth of December in 2013 in Canton.[/FONT]
 
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