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100 Famous Women in China (1 Viewer)

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]57.Gu Hengbo (one of eight famous contemporary singsong girls)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]GuHengbo (1619—1664 AD) was one of the eight well-known singsonggirls in the Qinhuai river area, i.e., Nanking city and its vicinity.Among all the eight singsong girls, her life experience was simple,but she got the highest social status among them. She was alsotalented in writing and painting. She also had a lot of visitors.Once a man called Gong Dingzi (1615—1673 AD) came to visit her. Hefell in love with her at the first sight. In 1641 AD, she marriedhim, who was a famous scholar. When the Manchurian came andestablished their Qing dynasty, he became a high-rank official. Somany scholars of Han tribe called him traitor. But she got the titleof First-Rank Ladyship because of her husband from Qing dynasty. Shedied of disease in their residence in Peking. She was the only one ofthe eight singsong girls that had an official title. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]58.Bian Yujing (one of eight famous contemporary singsong girls)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]BianYujing (1623—1665 AD) was one of the eight well-known singsonggirls in the Qinhuai river area, i.e., Nanking city and its vicinity.She was born in Nanking city and her father was an official, but diedearly. She had good education, and so she knew music and could playzither. She could also write poems and paint, and could practicecalligraphy. After the death of her father, she had to become asingsong girl for a living. Her charm and ability attracted a lot ofvisitors. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Onceat the gathering of literary men, she met a man called Wu Meicun(1609—1671 AD), who was a high-rank official. She was fond of himand hinted that she wanted to marry him. But at the time, abrother-in-law of the emperor wanted to take her as his concubine,and so Wu was afraid of getting into trouble and ran away from her.But Bian remained where she was. No one took her away. Two yearsafterwards, she would marry a man, but when she learned that the manwas a good-for-nothing, and therefore, she married her maid to himinstead of herself. She left the place, dressed like a female Taoist.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1650 AD, she went to Changshu town, where Liu Rushi lived with herhusband Qian. The couple knew Wu Meicun. When Wu came to see Qian,they told Wu that Bian stayed here now. Qian wanted to let Bian andWu meet again. So he let his wife invited Bian to their house. Biandid come, but she said that she did not feel comfortable right thenand asked Liu to lead her to a guest room upstairs. She came, but shedid not see Wu. Maybe, she was still irritated with Wu for runningaway. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Nextyear, she intentionally went to where Wu lived to see him. She saidthat she came just to say hello to him. She was dressed in a femaleTaoist costume. She played zither that night for Wu and some friends.In 1653 AD, an old good-hearted doctor let her stay with him as afriend. She began to believe in Buddhism and refused to see anyformer friends. She spent three years to copy a Buddhist sutra andgave it to the doctor in return for his good hospitality. She wroteit with her blood, not in ink. She died peacefully at an old age.When Wu learned her death he came to salute her tomb and wrote a poemin memory of her. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
59.Dong Xiaowan[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif][/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](oneof eight famous contemporary singsong girls)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]DongXiaowan (1623—1651 AD) [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]wasone of the eight well-known singsong girls in the Qinhuai river area,i.e., Nanking city and its vicinity. She was born in an embroideryfamily in Suzhou city. Dong family was famous for its embroidery.They had a workshop to make and sell products of embroidery. Thistrade had lasted for more than two hundred years till her time. Herfather was a scholar and so she had good education. When she wasthirteen, her father died of diarrhea. She and her mother would notcontinue to live in this old house, because there were too manythings to remind them of the diseased. Therefore, they had anotherhouse built at a riverside and moved to live there like a recluse.They entrusted the family business to some old employee to manage. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Thenchaos arose with the aggression of the Manchurian. When she andmother went to their workshop with the intention to sell it, theyfound that it was already bankrupt. They were penniless now. And hermother was seriously sick. She needed money to pay doctors and buydrugs. So she had to become a singsong girl in the famous Qinhuairiver area. Owing to her great knowledge and ability, she was soonknown to those merry-making young men, who flocked to her like beesto the flower. She could sing for them and accompany them on tours.She liked tours with any visitors that she could appreciate thebeautiful scenes. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Therewas a famous learned man by name of Mao Pijiang, who, having heard ofher name, came to seek for her several times in her absence as shewent out to accompany visitors on tours. Once he came late in theevening and she was already back from tours. They got acquainted witheach other. As she already knew the name of the young scholar, theyimmediately liked each other. But Mao wanted to go back to his hometown to take government tests. But he failed. After half a year, hecame to seek Dong again. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Afterthe death of her mother, she wanted to marry Mao. Only Mao mustredeem her from the whorehouse first. However, as she was so renownedin the area, the bawd would not let her go, no matter how much moneyMao would pay. Just at that time, Liu and her husband Qian came tosee Mao. As Qian had been an official, through his mediation, thebawd let her go at last. Then they got married. She began to practicecalligraphy and continued to paint. Her painting of “ColorfulButterflies” is now stored in the museum of Wuxi city. Thispainting was painted when she was only fifteen. Their comfortablelife lasted only for more than a year. Then Manchurian army came andtheir valuables were lost when they escaped south. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Afterchaos, they went back to their homeland, and found that their housestill stood. They lost all the valuables and had to live in hardship.Then Mao was taken ill and she had to wait on him hand and foot, dayand night. Several months afterwards, Mao was gradually recovered,but she fell sick, severely. There was no curing for her and she diedin peace in the first moon of 1651 AD. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
60.Li Xiangjun[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif][/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](oneof eight famous contemporary singsong girls)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]LiXiangjun (1624—1653 AD) [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]wasalso one of the eight well-known singsong girls in the Qinhuai riverarea, i.e., Nanking city and its vicinity. She was born in Suzhoucity and her father was an officer. She had two elder brothers. Whenher father died, her family turned out destitute. Therefore, when shewas only eight, she was adopted by a bawd. She was trained to sing,to play lute, to write poems and knew music. She had a good voice,but seldom sang, unless the visitor was the one she liked. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Whenshe reached the age of sixteen, she must have her maidenhood doneaway. She could find a visitor she liked. But the bawd would chargehim highly. Then she met a man called Hou Fangyu (1618—1655 AD), afamous scholar at the time. As he did not have so much money to paythe fee, a friend Yuan Dacheng (1587—1646 AD) loaned him theamount. Yuan was a literary man and a dramatist, but he had a lowcharacter. He was always ambitious while Hou was not. Afterwards,they quarreled and were no longer friends. It was because Yuan madefriends with anyone in hopes that that friend could help him to stepup in his official career. However, Hou could not help him there.After their breach, Yuan wanted Hou to pay back the loan. Hou, withthe help of the girl, repaid all his debt, by selling her jewels andhis borrowing money from other friends and relatives. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Therewas a little, but important detail I must mention. On the night whenHou did the girl, he gave her a precious gift, which was a round fanof white gauze with an ivory carved frame, which was his familyheirloom. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Atthat time when Manchurian occupied the capital of Ming dynasty, aMing emperor fled to the south of the Yangtze river and made Ninkingcity as his temporary capital. Yuan then became a high official inthe court of the emperor. As Yuan hated Hou, he wanted to frame Hou,who learned it and escaped to somewhere. And Li Xiangjun shut herselfup and never received any visitors. But Yuan told the emperor aboutthe famous girl. So the emperor ordered the girl to be fetched to hispresence. The girl could not reject the order of the emperordirectly. So she [/FONT]knockedher head against a pillar and her blood splashed on the fan. Anotherfriend of Hou's, who could paint, got the fan and painted, based onthe blood specks, some red peach blossoms. Hence, the fan was calledPeach Fan.
Yuan, as a dramatist,wrote a drama named Peach Fan. He urged the emperor to send for thegirl by force. She had to enter the palace as a singsong girl. In1644 AD, the Manchurian army approached Nanking city, the emperor ranaway further south. The girl stole out of the palace. She did notknow where she could go and sat down on a small bridge. Just then amaster, who had taught her to sing, came across her by accident onthe bridge. As he knew that the girl had nowhere to go, he took herto Suzhou city, where he lived.
At this moment when thegirl was on this bridge, Hou, her man, was not far from her. He cameback to look for her. But fate made a joke on them. They missed eachother. In 1645 AD, the girl Li went to see Bian Yujing (one of eightsingsong girls and they knew each other) in her temple and stayedthere for a while. In the autumn this year, Hou found her in thetemple and took to his hometown, where his parents and his wifelived. In introduction, he concealed her singsong status, just sayingthat she was his concubine. As she was nice to everyone in thefamily, she was welcome and treated well. Therefore, from 1645 to1652 AD, she led a peaceful and comfortable life.
Then her husband took atrip to somewhere. Somehow, unfortunately, her singsong status wasfound out by the family. Especially her father-in-law was furious anddrove her out of the family to live in a bleak village fifteen li(half a kilometer) away. At the time, Li was pregnant. So themother-in-law and the wife were sympathetic with her and with theascent of the father-in-law, sent a maid there to look after her.When the husband returned, he took her back to live in the familyhouse. But she was feeling unhappy for the discrimination. After shegave birth to the baby, she was suffering from TB—[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Tuberculosis,and died at the age of thirty. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]61.Kou Baimen [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](oneof eight famous contemporary singsong girls)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]KouBaimen (1624--? AD) [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]wasalso one of the eight well-known singsong girls in the Qinhuai riverarea, i.e., Nanking city and its vicinity. She was born in a strangefamily, who ran the prostitute business. She was demure andbeautiful. In the late spring of 1642 AD, at the age of seventeen,she married the powerful Duke Baoguo of Ming dynasty. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In1645 AD, the Manchurian army overthrew the Ming dynasty and DukeBaoguo surrendered. Not long after, his family was taken to Peking,which was then the capital of Qing dynasty, founded by the Manchurian(1644—1911 AD). The duke was confined. He wanted to sell all hisdancers and maids and singsong girls, including Kou, who was hisconcubine. But a man could sell his concubine in the feudal China.Kou said to him that if he sold her, he would get at most somehundred taels of silver, but if he could let her go, she would goback to the south and make thousands of taels of silver for him.Therefore, he let her go. She went back to Nanking city. She marrieda scholar in Yangzhou city, but she felt unhappy with the marriage.So she returned to Nanking city again. Then she liked a scholar Han,who liked her at the first sight and supported her. Then she gotsick. One day she still wanted to make love with him, though sick,but he would not allow and leave her room. Later she heard some merrynoise next room. When she entered the next room, she found that Hanwas making love to her maid, who was younger, and beautiful, too,only without fame. She was enraged and her sickness got worse. Shedied soon. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]62.Chen Yuanyuan (one of eight famous contemporary singsong girls)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ChenYuanyuan (1624—1681 AD) was one of the eight well-known singsonggirls in the Qinhuai river area, i.e., Nanking city and its vicinity,too. [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Itwas round the end of the Ming Dynasty (1368 AD—1644 AD). EmperorChongzhen was on the throne. When he first became the emperor, he hadthe ambition to make his empire strong, but he was not a man oftalent, and the empire remained weak. In the northeastern China,there was the Mandarin who got stronger and stronger, especially whenthey united the Mongolians in the west. Now they intended to invadeand occupied the territory of the Ming Dynasty. The only blockade tothem was the Great Wall. They must enter through Shanhai Pass at theeastern end of the Great Wall. The Ming Dynasty stationed greatforces to defend it. But the stupid emperor often changed thecommander, which was a disadvantage to the defending army. Supposingwhen a commander just got familiar with the situation and the move ofthe enemy, on which he would make his strategy, then he was removedand a new commander came. The new commander must get familiar witheverything over again. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] First the emperorappointed the famous general Yuan Chonghuan (1584 AD—1630 AD) asthe commander. He defeated Mandarin army a few times. They had toretreat. Then the mandarin sent some spies to the capital of the MingDynasty to spread rumor that Yuan Chonghuan was having a peace talkwith the Mandarin. The desire of the emperor was to drive theMandarin back to where they came. So peace negotiation was againstthe wish of the emperor. Therefore, the emperor summoned YuanChonghuan back and put him to death sentence as betrayal. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Then he appointedHong Chengchou (1593 AD—1665 AD) as the commander. He was a wisecourtier and was the minister of the Military Ministry. When theMandarin heard the removal of Yuan Chonghuan, they marched their armytowards Shanhai Pass again. Hong Chengchou wanted to show that he wasan able commander, but in the first battle, he was captured by theMandarin army. He was brought to the presence of the Mandarin emperorHuangtaiji (1592 AD—1643 AD), who tried to persuade Hong to turnover to the Mandarin. However, at first, Hong Chengchou refused tobetray his emperor. According to the history record, one night whenHong Chengchou was sleeping and woke up at midnight, he found a womanlying beside him. He sat up in astonishment and asked who she was.The woman said that she was the empress of Huangtaiji. The empresscame to sleep with him. This was a great honor to him. He was movedand surrendered. It was said that he kowtowed only to the empress,not to the emperor, saying that he was the slave to her. The emperordid not care as long as he had surrendered to the Mandarin. HongChengchou offered then quite a few ideas how to conquer Ming Dynasty.After Hong Chengchou was captured, Emperor Chongzhen appointed WuSanGui as the next commander. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Chen Yuanyuan livedin Kunshan town in Jiangsu province to the south of the Yangtzeriver. She was very beautiful and could sing and dance. She was afamous prostitute in that area. Many patrons came to hear her singand watch her dance. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] There at that timegathered large rebels, all of them were peasants, who were under theoppression of the corrupt officials. Their leader was Li Zicheng(1606 Ad—1645 AD). Li Zicheng led his huge army of rebels marchingtowards the capital Peking. Facing such situation of both threat fromthe Mandarin and from the rebels, the emperor felt so heavyheartedand melancholy that one of his imperial concubines Tian wanted tomake him happy. She asked her father Tian Hong to find some beautifulgirls. People thought at that time that all the beautiful girls werein the southern region to the Yangtze river. Tian Hong therebytraveled to the south. He visited brothel after brothel, and at lastfound Chen Yuanyuan in Kunshan town. He was struck by her beauty andtook her back to the capital. He spent two hundred thousand taels ofsilver to get her. He presented the girl to the emperor, but theemperor was not in the mood to hear her sing and watch her dance.Tian Hong had to take the girl back to his own residence. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Commander Wu SanGuiwent with his army to Shanhai Pass to resist the invasion of theMandarin. He went through the capital and Tian Hong entertained himwith the intention that Wu would specially protect his family and hisfortune. He let the girl out to dance for Wu SanGui, who, at thefirst sight, loved the girl very much. He said to Tian Hong that hewould try his best to protect him if he gave the girl to him. Ofcourse, Tian Hong complied. Wu SanGui took the girl to his residencein the capital. When he left the capital for the frontier, he had toleave the girl in the capital. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] The rebellious armyled by Li Zicheng approached the capital. The emperor did not haveenough troops to defend the city, and soon the rebels entered it. Theemperor had to hang himself. That was the end of the Ming Dynasty. LiZicheng occupied the palace and declare himself the emperor of theDashun empire. One of his generals Liu Zongming killed all the familymembers of Wu SanGui and took the girl with him. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] When Wu SanGuiheard the news, he was greatly infuriated and vowed to revenge on therebels. He knew that the forces he commanded was still no match tothe great number of the rebellious army. So he wanted to ally withthe Mandarin and used the allied force to fight the rebels. Thus, theMandarin army entered the Shanhai Pass and then occupied theterritory of Ming Dynasty. They founded their Qing Dynasty tilloverthrown by the Republic of China in 1911 AD. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] The rebels escapedfrom the capital Peking. Wu SanGui chased them till he wiped out allthe rebels. In pursuit of the beaten rebels, Wu SanGui came acrossChen Yuanyuan. When Wu got back his girl, he marched into Yunnanprovince, which is in the far southwest corner of China. He made ithis own territory. He was given the title of king and Yunan provinceas his fief by the emperor of Qing Dynasty. He accepted the title.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] As time proceeded,Chen Yuanyuan grew old and Wu SanGui got some girls younger. ChenYuanyuan went to live in a Buddhist nunnery for a quiet life. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Although We SanGuilet in the Mandarin army, He did that just for his own purpose. Hereally did not like the Mandarin. He wished to be independent. So hedeclared that his fief in Yunnan province was an independent empireand did not obey the Qing Dynasty any more. He set Kunming city ashis capital. The Qing government dispatched troops into Yunnanprovince to attack Wu SanGui and took the Kunming city. Wu SanGui waskilled. Chen Yuanyuan was afraid to be captured by the Qing army andinsulted. She drowned herself in the lotus pond outside the nunnery.She was buried by the side of the pond. In the nunnery theredisplayed two pictures of Chen Yuanyuan.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] IfChen Yuanyuan never lived, or if Wu SanGui never knew her, Wu SanGuiwould not let in the Mandarin and Ming Dynasty might continue forlonger time. Even if the rebels occupied the capital, the deceasedemperor had some sons and one of the sons could gather troops fromprovinces and drove away the rebels from the capital and restore theMing Dynasty. That's why people said that a whore changed the historyof Ming Dynasty.[/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]63.Concubine Xiang (a girl who had scent on her body)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ConcubineXiang (09/15/1734—05/24/1788 AD) was a girl belonging to [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Uighurtribe in the present Xinjiang Autonomous District. In 1757 AD, someminorities in that area rebelled against Qing dynasty (1644—1911AD.) At the time, Emperor Qianlong (09/25/1711—02/07/1799 AD) wason the throne and he sent army to quench the insurrection. Twobrothers of concubine Xiang helped Qing army to subdue all rebels andthe Qing emperor conferred duke titles to them. The brothers wantedto please the emperor and sent their sister to the emperor in return.The sister was twenty-seven at the time. Therefore, the sister becamethe concubine of the emperor. It was said that the body of the girlwould radiate scent by birth. That was why she got the title ofConcubine Xiang (literally meaning scent). [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] When she came intothe palace, a litchi tree, transplanted in the palace, produced morethan two hundred litchi fruit. It was deemed as good fortune that thegirl brought. So everyone in the palace liked her, from the empressdowager to the maids in common. Let alone the emperor. EmperorQianlong liked to travel to the south in the region of the YangtzeRiver because the scenery there was very beautiful. Every time hetraveled, he would bring her with him. She was his favoriteconcubine. When the empress died, the emperor never had an empressany more. And Concubine Xiang acted as the first concubine in thepalace. She was then already forty-eight. She died at the age offifty-five. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] A legend had adifferent anecdote for her. She was the wife of a muslin chieftain.When the chieftain rebelled and killed by Qing army, she was capturedand sent to the emperor. But she refused to obey the emperor, and theempress dowager let her die. Her body was sent back to her homelandand was buried there. There is still her tomb in Xinjiang district,named Tomb of Concubine Xiang. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
64.Empress Dowager Cixi[FONT=Times New Roman, serif](a powerful woman causing Qing dynasty perish)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Empress Dowager Cixi(11/29/1835—11/15/1908 AD) was the last empress dowager in Qingdynasty, and also the last empress dowager in the Chinese history.After her death, Qing dynasty was soon overthrown by the firstrepublic of China. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Her father was anofficial. And in 1852, she was selected to be sent to the palace.Young girls, when selected into palace, had two choices. Mostly theywould be palace maids to do all kinds of services and a few, if theemperor liked them, would be appointed concubines. She was lucky andgot the title of Concubine Lan at the age of eighteen. The emperor ofthat time was Emperor Xianfeng (1831—1861 AD). The empress did notbear any children for him. But Lan bore him a son, who was duly thecrown prince. When the emperor died, the crown prince became EmperorTongzhi (04/27/1856—01/12/1875 AD). She became empress dowagerCixi, and as a rule, the empress became the empress dowager, too,though the new emperor was not her son. She was empress dowager CiAn.They were more easily distinguished from each other by their livingquarters. The former empress dwelt in the east, and was therebycalled East Empress dowager. The former concubine dwelt in the west,and was thereby called West empress Dowager. Since the new emperorwas still a small boy and could not manage the state affairs, the twoempress dowagers decided things for him. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] The west empressdowager was ambitious, but she could not make any decisions alone.She was not satisfied. One day she sent some snacks to the eastempress dowager, who ate it and died. It was said that the westempress dowager poisoned her. Then the west empress dowager had allthe power in her hands. Unfortunately, her son, the new emperor, diedyoung from chicken pox. As a rule, she should choose a closerelative's son as her adoptive son and succeeded the throne. Shechose the son of one of her brothers-in-law. This son was still asmall boy and could administrate the government. So the west empressdowager still made decision for him. That was why she did not choosea grown-up son of the brothers-in-law. This new emperor was calledEmperor Guangxu (08/14/1871—11/14/1908 AD). [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Compared withsovereign empress Wu, who made the nation strong and prosperous,empress dowager Cixi ruled the nation badly. At the time Japan in theeast always wanted to invade China. If she was a good ruler, shewould strengthen the navy, but she used the funds for navy to buildher summer palace. So in 1894, China's nave was defeated by that ofJapan. In 1900 when the army of Eight-nation alliance occupied thecapital Peking, she had to escape. Under her reign, Qing dynasty wentto destruction. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Seeing this,Emperor Guangxu wanted to have reform like Japan. She and some oldcourtiers opposed the reform and coup d'etat took place. The emperorwas confined and reformers were killed. China's hope was strangled inthe cradle. The emperor died one day earlier than the death ofempress dowager Cixi. It was said that the emperor was poisoned lestafter her death, the emperor would refresh the reform. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]65. Hong Xuanjiao(a female general, later escaped to US)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Hong Xuanjiao (?--?)was a brave female fighter, commanding an army of all femalesoldiers, and was also the sister of Hong Xiuquan (1814—1864 AD),who was the Heavenly King of the Peace Kingdom (1851—1864 AD). Atthat time Qing dynasty was suffering a difficult time as EmpressDowager Cixi did not have the ability to administrate the country,but she held the power tightly in her hands. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Hong Xiuquan livedin Guangdong province in the southwestern China, far from thecapital, so that Qing dynasty had loose control over that area. In1843 AD, Hong Xiuquan founded a religion called God-WorshipingChurch. The believers developed and in 1851 AD, they held up armsagainst Qing dynasty. They formed Peace Army and took city aftercity. They established Peace Kingdom and then they marched to Nankingcity and occupied it. They made it their capital. The Heavenly Kingwas the head of the kingdom. There were other kings, such as EastKing, West King, South King, North King, Wing King, Loyalty King,etc. They were the other leaders of the Peace Army. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] The sister latermarried the West King. After they set Nanking city as their capital,the kings started to fight among themselves for more power andbenefits. First the sister made a plot to kill the East King. ThenNorth King killed the family of the Wing King, who escaped to Sichuanprovince. The Heavenly King killed the North King. Therefore, thePeace Kingdom grew weaker and was finally conquered by Qing Army andNanking city was taken. The Heavenly King made suicide. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] The sister escapedin disguise of an ordinary woman among the refugees. She then went toShanghai. Finally she followed a priest and went to the UnitedStates. She stayed in San Francisco and lived as a herb doctor inChinatown there. [/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]66. Fu Caiyun (awhore having been in foreign states and speaking their languages)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Fu Caiyun (1872—1936AD) was nicknamed Sai Jinhua (literally meaning surpassing goldenflower). When a little girl, she was sold to a whorehouse in Suzhoucity. In 1887 AD, she was taken by a high official Hong Jun(1839—1893 AD) as his concubine at the age of fifteen while Hongwas forty-eight. Next year, Hong Jun was sent to Russia, Austria,Germany and Holland as an envoy of Qing dynasty. She went with him ashis Ladyship because his wife did not like to live in foreigncountries. She lived in Berlin for a few years. She had been to St.Petersburg and Geneva. So she had known some German officers. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] When her husbanddied, the family did not welcome her as she had been a whore. She hadto leave and become a whore again for her living. At first she wentto Shanghai, and later she went to live in Tianjin city, close toPeking. When she was a whore, she was known by her nickname, SaiJinhua. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1900 AD, whenthe allied forces came to Peking, she was living there and had somegood relationship with some German officers. It was said that she wasfamiliar with Alfred Graf von Waldersee, the commander of the Germantroops. She had even tried to dissuade him from burning the YuanmingGarden. In 1903 AD, a young whore was ill-treated to death by her,and so she was arrested. Then she was sent in custody to herhometown, Suzhou city, for the service. When she was released fromjail, she went to live in Shanghai. Afterwards, she moved to Pekingand led a poor life till she died of severe disease there in 1936 AD.[/FONT]
 

xlwoo

Senior Member
67.Qiu Jin (a female martyr against Qing dynasty)
QiuJin (1875—1907 AD) was born in Amoy in Fujian province. She learnedkungfu when a little girl and admired Hua Mulan and Qin Laingyu (seeabove). She liked to dress in man's apparel. She called herself“Swords Woman of Mirror Lake,” which lake was in her homeland.
In1896 AD, she was married to Wang Tingjun (1879—1909 AD), who ran apawn shop in Xiangtan town. Qiu Jin moved to live with her husbandthere. In 1900 AD, Wang was assigned an official position in Pekingand the couple went to live in Peking. She bore two children for him.
In1903 AD, she went to Japan to learn Japanese language at first.During her stay in Japan, she took part in the revolutionaryactivities with Chinese students there. In July of 1905 AD, shejoined [FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Sun[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Yat-sen'salliance, a revolutionary league against Qing dynasty, and wasassigned to be in charge of the revolutionary activities in Zhejiangprovince. When she returned next year, she became a teacher inShanghai.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] She planned topublish a newspaper named “Chinese Women.” She needed financialaid. She went back to her husband's family and got a large sum ofmoney for that purpose. She set her heart to wage the revolution, andso she asked to be divorced to her husband lest her action shouldaffect her husband. Her desire of divorce was to protect her husband.If in the process of revolution, she was arrested, her husband hadnothing to do with her action as they were openly divorced. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In autumn of 1905,two members of the League founded a normal school in Shaoxing town,really for military training. Qiu recruited six hundred members forthe school. In January of 1907 AD, the first issue of the newspaperwas published. She wrote articles for female rights and revolutionaryideas. She toured to towns not far from Shanghai for propaganda ofrevolution. In February that year, she became the school mistress.They planned to rise to arms on the sixth day of July, but the secretwas leaked out. The uprising of her comrades in Anqing town of Anhuiprovince failed. Someone betrayed her to Qing government while othercomrades tried to persuade her to flee, but she rejected, saying thatthe victory of revolution must cost blood. She remained. On thefourteenth day of July, she was arrested in the school. In the prisonshe was tortured, but she confessed nothing. She only wrote, “Autumnwind and autumn rain saddens people.” It was because the first wordin her name Qiu literally meant autumn. She was killed on thefifteenth day. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Her body was atfirst buried At Xiling Bridge on the West lake in Hangzhou city, butthe local Qing government forced it to be moved. Therefore, in 1909AD, her son moved her body to be buried at Mt. Zhao in Xiangtan town,where her husband's family lived. In 1912 AD, when the first republicwas founded, her body was moved back to be interred again in the sameplace by the West Lake of Hangzhou city. She is admired by allChinese people for her heroic deeds. [/FONT]
 

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68. Xiao Fengxian(a whore who saved a general)
Xiao Fengxian(1900—1954 AD) was her nickname. Her real name was Zhu Xiaofeng.Her father was a business man and went bankrupt, and so she was soldto a brothel in Peking. She had an ability to know who was who. Nodisguise in her eyes.
It was said thatshe had known Cai E (12/18/1882—11/08/1916 AD), who was a generaland the governor of Yunnan province. He came to Peking to seedoctors. But he would go to some brothels when he was free. That waswhy he knew the girl.
At that time, YuanShikai (09/16/1895—06/06/1916 AD) wished to be the emperor and hedetained Cai E, fearful of his opposition. Cai disagreed to Yuan'sidea to restore China into an empire. Therefore, he wanted to be backto his domain so that he could take up arms against Yuan. Hesucceeded to steal out of Peking with the assistance of the girl. Onenight, the girl rode in her coach out to somewhere, and hid Cai inher coach in disguise. She sent Cai to Tianjing city, where Cai goton board a ship and escaped to Japan, then went back to his Yunnanprovince by way of Hong Kong.
As for the girl,she later married a brigade commander and did not bear any childrenfor him. In 1949 AD, she remarried to a factory worker, who had adaughter of fourteen year old by his ex-wife. When he died, Fengxianlived with her step-daughter. In the early 1951 AD, she went to seethe famous actor of Beijing opera, Mei Lanfang(10/22/1894—08/08/1961 AD), who admired Fengxian for her help ofCai E to escape. Under his influence, she was arranged to work in anursery. In 1952, she suffered from Alzheimer's disease and died in1954.
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]69. Pan Yuliang (a famous paintress and sculptress)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Pan Yuliang(06/14/1895—06/13/1977 AD) was a famous paintress and sculptress.In 1917, she went to Shanghai to learn how to paint. Next year, shewas enrolled in Shanghai Fine Arts School. In 1921, she went toFrance and was enrolled in Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts– ENSBA in Lyon. In 1923, she entered Ecole Nationale Superieuredes Beaux-Arts de Paris. In 1925, she went to Academy of Beaux-Artsof Rome in Italy. She finished an oil painting titled “White Mums,”which was later displayed in the gallery of Education Bureau inNanking city. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1926, she beganto learn sculpture. Meantime, she completed two oil paintings. Theywere “Fruits” and “Ruins of Rome.” Her art works were alwayschosen to be shown in the international exhibition in Italy. Her oilpainting “Nude” had won the gold medal in the above exhibition. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1928, shereturned to China and at the end of this year, she held her personalart gallery. Next year, she was appointed the director of the WesternPainting Department of Shanghai Fine Arts School. In 1930, shebecame a professor in Central University (the present NankingUniversity), and at the same time, she founded the graduate artsschool in Shanghai. Then she opened an exhibition in Tokyo in Japan.In 1931, she helped to organize the Chinese Arts Society. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1934, ShanghaiZhonghua Book Company published the “Collection of Oil Paintings ofPan Yuliang.” In 1937, she went to Paris again for theInternational Art Exposition. In 1940, when Paris was occupied byGermany, she moved to dwell in the suburb and sold paintings for aliving. She resided in France ever since till her death in 1977.[/FONT]
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]70. SoongQingling (the wife of Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Soong Qingling(01/27/1893—05/29/1981 AD) was the second wife of Sun Yat-sen(11/12/1866—03/12/1925 AD), who founded a revolutionary league. Herfather was a priest as well as a business man, and also a friend andcomrade of Sun Yat-sen. Hers was a rich family. She had two sistersand three brothers. Her younger sister was well-known to the world.(see next episode.) [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shegot her education at [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]McTyeireSchool in Shanghai. After graduation, in 1907, at the age offourteen, she went to USA to study at Wellesley College i[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]n[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Massachusetts.Her English name was Rosamond. She got bachelor's degree ofliterature. In 1913, she returned to China. However, in 1915, shewent to Japan and met [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]SunYat-sen there. She became his assistant in his revolutionary career.On the twenty-fifth of October, that year, she married him in spiteof her father's opposition. She followed his footsteps ever sinceuntil he died of cancer in 1925.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]InAugust of 1927, she went to Soviet Union and then to Europe for fouryears. She read works of Karl Marx and studied the core problems ofthe first socialist country and some big capitalist countries. In theSino-Japanese was, she tended to the Communist Party of China.Therefore, in 1949 when CPC established their republic,[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]she was appointed the vice chairman of the republic. In 1950, she waselected the member of World Council of Peace. In 1952, she wasselected the chairwoman of [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]LiaisonCommission for Asia and the Pacific[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] InSeptember of 1954, she was made the vice chairwoman of the [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]StandingCommittee of the First National People's Congress. On the seventh ofApril in 1959, in the first session of the National People'sCongress, she was chosen to be the vice chairwoman of the People'sRepublic of China. In January of 1965, she was once more made thevice chairwoman of the People's Republic of China. In January of1975, she was again made the vice chairwoman of [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]the[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]StandingCommittee of the First National People's Congress. In February of1978, she was given that position again. On the thirtieth of Augustin 1980, she was the executive chairman on the third session of theFifth National People's Congress. On the fourteenth of May in 1981,her liver cancer and other disease worsened. On the fifteenth, thecentral political bureau declared that she was the member of CPC. Andon the sixteenth, she was given the title of honorary chairwoman ofthe People's Republic of China. She died on the twenty-ninth inBeijing. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] It was said thatbesides English, she knew French, German, Russian, Italian and Greek.She could play piano well. She liked classical music of Europe. Shecould cook good dishes and could paint and embroider. She was alltalented.[/FONT]
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]71.[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Soong[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]May-ling (the wife of Chiang Kai-shek)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Soong May-ling(03/05/1897—10/24/2003 AD) was born in Shanghai and was the thirdwife of Chiang Kai-shek (10/31/1887—04/05/1975 AD), who was thechairman of the Republic of China. She was then the first lady of theRepublic of China. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1903, she waseducated in McTyeire School in Shanghai. In 1908, at the age ofeleven, she went with her sister Rosamond to USA to study in SouthPiedmont Community College and in 1912, she went to study inWellesley College, MA. In 1917, she returned to Shanghai to work fora church and took part in all sorts of social activities. It was saidthat she had a secret engagement with a friend of her elder brother. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1922, she metChiang Kai-shek in Shanghai. Chiang started to suit her. But herfamily opposed it, because Chiang was married and believed inBuddhism. If he wanted to marry the girl, he must first divorce hiswife and commence to change his belief in church. So he agreed to theconditions. Therefore, on the first of December in 1927, they gotmarried. In 1930, Chiang had the ceremony in a Baptist Church inShanghai. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1928, she becamethe mistress of the school for the young family members of deadsoldiers of the National Revolutionary Army. In 1932, she was thegeneral secretary of Aviation Committee of China. In 1934, Soong andChiang waged the New Life Movement, to promote drinking boiled waterinstead tea and coffee, learning to read and write instead ofilliteracy, having habit of hygiene instead of spitting phlegmeverywhere. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] On the twelfth ofDecember in 1936, Chiang was detained in XiAn city by two generals hesent to attack the army of CPC. At the same time, Soong was inShanghai, being not well. When the news came, she immediately went toNanking city, the capital of Chiang's government. She talked to othergovernment leaders and emphasized on the importance of solving thedispute peacefully. On the fifteenth of December, she flew to XiAncity to negotiate with the two generals and Zhou Enlai, therepresentative of CPC. Finally they reached an agreement and Chiangwas released and came back to Nanking city in company of Soong on thetwenty-fifth.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1937, theSino-Japanese war broke out. Chiang appointed Soong in charge of theair force. She then invited American general Claire Lee Chennault(09/06/1893—07/27/1958 AD) to China to form the “Flying tigers,”the nickname of Chinese air force. Soong was thereby nicknamed“Mother of the Air force of China.” In 1938, Times magazinepublished in USA put Chiang and Soong as cover figures. In Februaryof 1943, to gain the help of America, Soong went to USA as Chinag'senvoy and was received by the first lady of President Roosevelt andstayed in the White House for eleven days. On the twenty-eighth ofFebruary, she made a speech in US Congress. It was the first Chinesewoman speaking in the US Congress. Then she toured to other cities tospeak to American people for support. Statistics showed that almost250,000 Americans had listened to her speeches. It was just after theJapanese attack of Pearl Harbor. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] InNovember of 1934, when Roosevelt, Churchill and Chiang had aconference in Cairo, she went with Chiang as his interpreter sinceChinag could not understand and speak English. In 1945, she lived inChongqing city, which was the temporary capital of China at the wartime since the real capital was then occupied by the Japanese army.She squeezed out time to write a novel titled [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]PastEvents Have Vanished Like Smoke[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In October of 1946,Soong and Chiang first visited Taiwan. Then they moved to Taiwan whenCPC occupied the mainland. In the sixties, she developed hospitals inTaibei city. In 1975, when Chinag died, she went to live in USA. Onthe twenty-ninth of May in 1981, when her second sister, Rosamond,died in Beijing, the embassy of China in Washington DC told her thesad news and hoped that she could go to Beijing to attend thefuneral, but after the second thought, she declined. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1986, she wentback to Taiwan to attend the 100 anniversary of Chiang's birthday andmade a speech, “I wish that the light of the Three People'sPrinciples will shine over the mainland.” In 1991, she left Taiwanfor the United States again, and never returned to Taiwan ever since.In 1994, she moved to live in New York city. In 1995, it was fiftiethanniversary of the end of the second world war. She was invited toattend the ceremony held for her in Congress for her great tributesin the second world war. She died on the twenty-third of October in2003 at the age of one hundred and six in New York city.[/FONT]
 

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[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]72. KawashimaYoshiko (a Chinese woman becoming a Japanese spy)[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif]KawashimaYoshiko (05/23/1907—03/25/1948 AD) was the fourteenth daughter of aMandarin prince. When the Qing dynasty was overthrown, the fathergave this daughter to his friend, a Japanese called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Kawashima[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Naniwain the hope that this Japanese friend could train her as a best spyfor the restoration of his collapsed dynasty. Therefore, in 1912, atthe age of seven, the girl went to Japan with the Japanese man as heradoptive father for strict training. She was then changed her Chinesename Jin Bihui to a Japanese name: Kawashima Yoshiko.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Several yearslater, Kawashima Yoshiko was all Japanese. Then she was sent toStella Jogakuin Koutouka C3-bu—a female high school. When she grewup, she cut her hair short like a boy and liked male sports such ashorse-riding, fencing, shooting and judo. She began to wear boy'sclothes. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shestarted her spy career in 1927 at the age of twenty-one. She returnedto the Northeastern China, and in Port Arthur, she married aMongolian, but in 1931, she eloped with the Japanese secret servicechief to Shanghai. Then she secretly took part in the September 18[/FONT][SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]th[/FONT][/SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Incidents, which was that the Japanese army in northeastern Chinafirst framed Chinese army for the destroy of Japanese railroad thereand then attacked and occupied Shengyang city, and afterwards, tookall the region of the northeastern China, including all threeprovinces. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Shealso participated in January 28[/FONT][SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]th[/FONT][/SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Incidents, which was that in 1931 right after the September 18[/FONT][SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]th[/FONT][/SUP][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Incidents, Japanese army started to attack Shanghai and drove theChinese guarding army out of the area. In 1932, she helped toestablished the so-called Manchukuo, a puppet government in the northeastern China and put on the throne a puppet emperor Peter, whohad been the last emperor of Qing dynasty. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Her purpose was torestore the Qing dynasty, but now as she understood that theManchukuo was only a puppet government of Japan, not the restorationthe Qing dynasty, she was disappointed and used the power in herhands to release some Chinese people arrested by Japanese army. Soshe was deemed by the Japanese army as a dangerous person. In 1934,she was sent back to Japan in confinement. Anyway, she escaped backto China and opened a restaurant in Tianjin city. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In October of 1945when Japan surrendered, she was arrested by the Chinese governmentand had the death verdict on twenty-second of October in 1945, andwas executed on the twenty-fifth of March in 1948 in the First Prisonin Peking at the age of forth-two. [/FONT]
 

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[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]73.Zhao Yidi (a woman having a long time love)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]ZhaoYidi [/FONT][FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif](05/28/1912—06/22/2000)[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]wasborn in Hong Kong. She was at first the mistress of general ZhangXueliang (06/03/1901—10/15/2001 AD), commanding the army in thenortheastern China, and then became his wife.[/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1928, she wentto Tianjin city to attend the Northeast University and got acquaintedwith general Zhang. Thus she became his secretary as well as hismistress. As Zhang had wife, she could not become his wife. But shefollowed him everywhere ever since. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] After the XiAnIncident on the twelfth of December in 1936, when he and anothergeneral were detained by Chiang Kai-shek, he was confined ever sinceand the girl accompanied him in his confinement for as long asseventy-two years. When Chiang escaped to Taiwan, he sent Zhang theretoo. And the girl ensued. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In 1940, Zhang'swife was diagnosed to have breast cancer and went to USA fortreatment. In 1964, Zhang divorced her and married the girl as hissecond wife. She had a son with Zhang. [/FONT]
 

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[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]74.Jiang Zhujun (a CPC member killed by KMD)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]JiangZhujun (08/20/1920—11/14/1949) was nicknamed Sister Jiang. She wasborn in Zigong town of Sichuan province. When she was eight yearsold, her mother left her idle father, taking her and her brother toChongqing city, where her uncle lived. At the age of ten, she entereda sock factory and worked as child labor. Since her stature wasshorter than the machine, the owner of the factory specially had a high stool made for her. Next year, she was sent to an orphanage runby a church. She then worked part time and studied part time. [/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif] In1939, she joined the Communist Party of China. In 1945, she wasmarried to Peng Yongwu (1915—1948), who was a local partysecretary. After the marriage, she worked for the newspaper publishedby CPC. In the winter of 1947, she was sent to Xiachuandong area tohelp Peng to organize the armed force. She [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]wasa l[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]iaisonperson. In 1948, her husband Peng died in a riot against the KMDgovernment. She then succeeded his position and continued therevolution. On the fourteenth day of June in the same year, she wasarrested owing to the betrayal of a comrade. She was imprisoned in aconcentration camp in Chongqing city. She was of course tormented,but she refused to give any information of the Party's work. On thefourteenth day of November, 1949, she was executed at the age oftwenty-eight. She had a son with Peng, and his name is Peng Yun, whonow lives in USA.[/FONT]
 

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[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]75.Liu Hulan (youngest CPC member, killed by KMD)[/FONT]
[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]LiuHulan (10/08/1932—01/12/1947) was born in a peasant's family inYunzhouxi Village in the district of Wenshui town in Shanxi province.The village was now renamed as Liu Hulan Village. At that time thatvillage was under the control of CPC. At eight years old, she went toa primary school there and accepted the Party's education. At ten,she joined scouts. In October of 1945, she took part in the “FemaleCadre Training Class” for a month. When she was back, she becamethe secretary of the [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]women'snational salvation society. In May of 1946, she was promoted to be afemale cadre in the fifth district. In June, she joined the Party. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] In the autumn of1946, KMD army came to Wenshui town, and all the party's cadresescaped to the military base in Luuliang Mountains. The Party leadersthought that she was too young to cause the attention of the enemy,and so she stayed. On the twenty-first day of December of the sameyear, the communist militia came to kill the village leader, who hadrejected to cooperate with CPC. Liu Hulan participated in the action.At the time, places often changed hands between CPC and KMD. Then KMDarmy came to arrest local militiamen, CPC soldiers and family membersof CPC caders, six in all. Then Liu Hulan was betrayed and arrested,too, making the number seven. On the twelfth day of January, 1947,KMD army called all the villagers gathering on a square before atemple there. As Liu Hulan was the youngest, the MKD company leadingofficer said to her that if she could declare openly to betray CPC,she could be spared. She said never. Then the other six adultprisoners were killed one by one on a hand hay cutter. At last thegirl was brought forward and asked the question again. As she wouldnot yield, she was also killed in the same way at the age offourteen. She was the youngest Party member. [/FONT]
 

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              1. [FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]Yan Shanshan (
              1. [FONT=Times New Roman, serif]the first female movie star in China)[/FONT]


[FONT=PMingLiU, sans-serif]YanShanshan [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](1896—1952) was the first female movie star in China and also a member of thefemale bomb squadron during the revolution against Qing dynasty in1911. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Whenshe was in Hong Kong Yide Normal School, she got acquainted with LiMinwei (1893—1953) and on 1931 she was married to him. Then sheand her husband founded the Hong Kong Meihua film Company, and in1914, they made the movie called [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ZhuangZi Tests his Wife[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif].Zhuang Zi (369—286 BD) was an ancient scholar, who had a bookcollecting his articles. There was a story about how he tested thefaithfulness of his wife to him. Once he feigned to be dead ad buriedin a grave. Before his death, he told his wife that she could remarryif the earth on his grave was dry. Then his wife stayed by the sideof his grave and fanned the earth in the hope that the earth would bedry faster than normally. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] Inthis movie she played the role of a maid of the wife, and her husbandacted the wife. All the female roles in the movie before were playedby males in disguise. That was why she was deemed the first femalemovie star. Afterwards, she joined Shanghai Xinmin Film Company andstarred in [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Goddessof Peace[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif](1926), [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]FiveRevengeful Girls[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]in 1928, and [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]RevivingRomanc[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]ein the same year. She gave up acting in that year. [/FONT]
[FONT=Times New Roman, serif] YanShanshan was never a jealous woman. On the contrary, when in 1919,she met Lin Chuchu (1904—1979), another actress, she voluntarilyintroduced her to her husband and let her be another wife of LiMinwei. Li and Lin had formal wedding ceremony on the seventh ofJanuary in 1919. In old China it was lawful to have two wives at thesame time. Both wives had the equal status in the family. In 1924, Liand Lin starred the movie [/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]Rouge[/FONT][FONT=Times New Roman, serif]as the male and female main characters. So Lin became a movie star,too. Yan died in 1952 at the age of fifty-six.[/FONT]
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