View Full Version : TWO REPUBLICS in CHINA (16)

December 26th, 2015, 02:49 PM
11) The campaigns in northern Burma and western Yunnan province
In 1942, a detachment of the Chinese national government army went to Burma through Yunnan province to help fight the Japanese army, who entered Burma through Thailand on the 4th day of January, 1942, and occupied Rangoon (Yongon) on the 8th day of March. The purpose of Japan was first to cut off the supply line to China from western countries, and second to enter India in future. British army was at that time in Burma and fought Japanese army. The Chinese detachment went to Burma to assist the British army and keep the supply line safe.
The Chinese detachment went into Burma in 1942, but at first was defeated by the Japanese army. A section of it escaped to India and was trained there by America, and the other section returned to the western Yunnan province. Both sections would attack the Japanese army in Burma when they were ready.
On the 24th day of October, 1943, the 112th regiment of the new 38th division began the attack to the Japanese army and on the 29th day, took Shinbwinyang and entered Hukawng Valley. When the Japanese army there found the regiment, they surrounded it on the 22nd day of November. In resistance, the regiment lived on the Japanese banana and on food from air drop. The Japanese army could not break through their defense. On the 24th day, the new 38th division came to assist and on the 29th day, they took the position of the Japanese army, who lost round 1,000 soldiers.
The campaign continued in January , 1944, when the Japanese army receded into the valley and made their defensive line at Dalou and Tabajia. The Chinese new 38th division came to attack Tabajia, and the new 22nd division came to attack Dalou. At the dawn of the 28th day, the American air forces came to bombard the Japanese position at Dalou and the tanks of the new 22nd division ran through the Japanese defensive line. The new 22nd division took all the fortresses outside Dalou. On the 31st day, the Chinese tanks entered the Dalou and crushed everything in the Japanese headquarters. On that day, the new 38th division attacked Tabajia. The American air forces raided the Japanese army there, who had to retreat. On the 1st day of February, the new 38th division occupied Tabajia.
The Japanese army receded to Mengguan and Walupan, 12 km apart. They wanted to induce the Chinese army to attack Walupan so that another section of their army could attack the back of the Chinese army. The new 22nd division assaulted Mengguan with artillery and tanks. The new 38th division stationed at the left rear to protect its back. The Japanese section came to attack the new 22th division from behind, but was blocked by the new 38th division. As the new 22nd division attacked for a week and could not take the place, the new 38th division sent its 113th regiment to attack Walupan to distract the attention of the Japanese army. On the 1st day of March, the American 5307 corps reached the place and launched their onset. So the 22nd division broke through the Japanese defensive line. On the 4th day of March, the new 22nd division took Mengguan. Now the Japanese army was surrounded in the narrow strip of Walupan. At noon of the 8th day, the Chinese army and the American corps jointly attacked Walupan and took it on the 9th day. Thus ended the campaign in this area.

12) The campaigns in the western HuNan province
After the outbreak of the Pacific war, American air forces helped China to fight Japanese air forces. Towards the termination of the Sino-Japanese War, the American air forces got the upper hand of the Japanese air forces. American bombers raided important Japanese military bases, including airports. More than once, the American fighter planes combated Japanese fighter planes in the air, and gained victory. There was an airport for American airplanes at the Zhijiang in the western HuNan province. The goal of Japan to start this campaign in 1945 was to take the airport. It was the last major warfare in the Sino-Japanese War.
On the 9th day of April, 1945, the Japanese 47th military bloc and the 116th bloc started their onset at Lantian. The commander of the Chinese defensive 73rd army in that area estimated that the Japanese army had not completed its gathering. And so he gave order to give the enemy a surprise attack. The Japanese 47th bloc suffered the blow, and later when it was ready, the 47th bloc began to cross the Zi River on the 14th day. The Chinese commander let the Japanese army cross the river, but as most of the Japanese army got on the bank of this side of the river, the Chinese army cannonaded them, while the American airplanes attacked those Japanese soldiers still on the boat. Many boats were sunken. The Japanese army had a heavy loss.
On the 28th day, the Japanese 116th bloc was surrounded by the Chinese army and signaled the 47th bloc for rescue. When the 47th bloc came to attack the Chinese 73th army, they could not break the Chinese defense. On the 30th day, the Chinese army fought back and on the 2nd day, defeated the enemy, aided by the air raid. The Japanese army had to retreat to where they had come. The battle ended in this district, but the warfare still continued in other districts.
On the 12th day of April, the Japanese 34th bloc attacked Xinning. A Chinese battalion under the 58th division of the 74th Army fought the Japanese army for three days. Then as the Japanese reenforcement came, the battalion had to withdraw from Xinning, which was taken by the Japanese army. On the 21st day, 4,000 Japanese soldiers marched towards Meikou. On the 23rd day, they began to cross the Wushui River. The Chinese 44th division waited there patiently till the first 200 Japanese soldiers set foot on the bank. Then they fell on these Japanese soldiers fiercely and slew them all. The Japanese kept on crossing, but had to stop under heavy cannon fire. On the 27th day, they turned to attack Wuyang, and for two days' fight, they took half of Wuyang. On the 29th day, the Chinese 44th division came and the Japanese army had to give up the attack and turn back to fight the 44th division, who soon put the Japanese army to rout.
On the 27th day, another Japanese detachment attacked Wugan, which was an old town, the walls very strong, because the bricks were stuck together using sticky rice cooked in water, which became glue. Many ancient tombs were also thus built to prevent them from being dug through. So when the Japanese cannon balls exploded and hit the walls, the shreds made little damage on the walls. On the 1st day of May, the Japanese formed suicide squads, but the soldiers, who had not reached the wall yet, were killed by the gunfire from the battlements. At last, some soldiers got to the wall and exploded a hole in it with dynamite. However, the Chinese people, who helped their soldiers for the defense of the town, threw a lot of bags filled with sands down the spot and the hole was blocked by the sand bags. Then the Japanese army used long wooden siege ladders. But the Chinese army used fire throwers, provided to them by America, to burn the ladders. For seven days the Chinese soldiers, aided by civilians, kept the small ancient town safe and sound. The Japanese army was defeated by the Chinese reenforcement.
Other battles also took place in other districts in the western HuNan province. The whole campaign ended on the 2nd day of June with the failure of the Japanese army. Failure or victory in war mostly depends on two major factors: how strong are the forces and how wise are the strategies used. But often times, when a very wise ruse is thought of, the weaker can defeat the stronger and the few can defeat the more.