View Full Version : TWO REPUBLICS in CHINA (11)

October 28th, 2015, 01:57 PM
2) The 8.13 eventóbattle in Shanghai
In the southern China, Japan wanted to occupy Shanghai. On the 9th day of August, two Japanese mariners in Shanghai drove a car and trespassed the Hongqiao airport to fire guns, but were shot dead by the Chinese guards. On the 13th day, Japanese mariners following their tanks attacked Chinese army stationed along the Songhu railway, but were beaten. On the 14th day, the national government made a statement for self-defense in resistance of Japan. The statement was really the general mobilization order to all Chinese people. The central national government organized several military blocs to defend Shanghai. On the 15th day, Japanese government made a statement, too, that in order to punish Chinese army for its rash action and to urge the Nanking government not to take severe steps, the Japanese government had to resort to war. They sent more troops over the sea to Shanghai area. In joint with the mariners, Japanese army planned to occupy the strategically important zone in the north of Shanghai.
Chiang Kai-shek divided the warring area into five zones. Shanghai was in the third zone. On the 17th day, Chinese army counterattacked the enemy and the 87th division took the Japanese mariner club. The 88th division fought Japanese troops in Hongkou park. The two divisions jointly broke through the Japanese defensive line into Huishan wharf. At the same time, Chinese air force attacked that of Japan and also their warships. They downed 47 Japanese airplanes and sank one Japanese cruiser. From the 18th day to the 20th day, two divisions started from Japan and arrived at the sea area in the eastern region of Shanghai on the 22nd day. And on the 23rd day, they got on land at Wusong district. On the 24th day, the Chinese 15th military bloc entered Shanghai and assailed the two Japanese divisions just setting foot on land. On the 1st of September, 1,000 Japanese soldiers attacked the Chinese cannon site and both had heavy casualties. On the 5th day, Japan gathered 30 warships to support their army that fell upon the Chinese troops at Baoshan. After the 11th day of September, Chiang himself took the command of the third zone. From then till the beginning of October, Japanese army increased to 200,000 strong. But they did not gain the decisive advantage over Chinese army till early November. At dawn of the 5th day of November, under the cover of heavy fog and bearing on the rising tide, Japanese army landed at Hangzhou bay. On the 6th day, they took Jinshan and used a vise strategy to attack Chinese army from two sides. On the 8th day, in the unfavorable situation, Chiang had to give order to recede. On the 9th day, Japanese army occupied Songjiang town and on 12th day, took Shanghai. During the battles, people of Shanghai had made donations of 3.3 million yuan to support the Chinese army.